Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality

  • Joseph G. H. Wessels
  • Friedhelm Meinhardt

Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Vegetative Processes and Growth

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. S. A. MacNeill
      Pages 3-23
    3. F. M. Klis
      Pages 25-41
    4. R. Sentandreu, S. Mormeneo, J. Ruiz-Herrera
      Pages 111-124
    5. J. H. Sietsma, J. G. H. Wessels
      Pages 125-141
    6. M. Orlowski
      Pages 143-162
    7. D. H. Jennings
      Pages 163-173
    8. A. P. J. Trinci, M. G. Wiebe, G. D. Robson
      Pages 175-193
    9. K. Marbach, U. Stahl
      Pages 195-210
    10. K. Esser, R. Blaich
      Pages 211-232
  3. Reproductive Processes and Sexual Progression

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 233-233
    2. S. Klein, A. Sherman, G. Simchen
      Pages 235-250
    3. P. J. Pukkila
      Pages 267-281
    4. H. Schmidt, H. Gutz
      Pages 283-294
    5. N. L. Glass, M. A. Nelson
      Pages 295-306

About this book

Introduction

Mycology, the study of fungi, originated as a subdiscipline of botany and was a descriptive discipline, largely neglected as an experimental science until the early years of this century. A seminal paper by Blakeslee in 1904 provided evidence for self-incompatibility, termed "heterothallism", and stimulated interest in studies related to the control of sexual reproduction in fungi by mating-type specificities. Soon to follow was the demonstration that sexually reproducing fungi exhibit Mendelian inheritance and that it was possible to conduct formal genetic analysis with fungi. The names Burgeff, Kniep and Lindegren are all associated with this early period of fungal genetics research. These studies and the discovery of penicillin by Fleming, who shared a Nobel Prize in 1945, provided further impetus for experimental research with fungi. Thus began a period of interest in mutation induction and analysis of mutants for bio­ chemical traits. Such fundamental research, conducted largely with Neurospora crassa, led to the one gene: one enzyme hypothesis and to a second Nobel Prize for fungal research awarded to Beadle and Tatum in 1958. Fundamental research in biochemical genetics was extended to other fungi, especially to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and by the mid-1960s fungal systems were much favored for studies in eukaryotic molecular biology and were soon able to compete with bacterial systems in the molecular arena.

Keywords

Ascomycetes Basidiomycetes Chytridiomycota Meiosis Oomycota Organe Pathogene Zygomycota botanics fungal genetics fungi morphogenesis mutant mycology regulation

Editors and affiliations

  • Joseph G. H. Wessels
    • 1
  • Friedhelm Meinhardt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of GroningenHarenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institut für MikrobiologieUniversität MünsterMünsterGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-11908-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-662-11910-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-11908-2
  • About this book