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Wheat

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj

Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. In Vitro Technology, Establishment of Cultures, Somatic Embryogenesis, and Micropropagation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Y. P. S. Bajaj
      Pages 3-23
    3. K. J. Scott, D. G. He, Y. M. Yang
      Pages 46-67
    4. J. G. Carman, W. F. Campbell
      Pages 68-87
    5. H. Chlyah, M. Hsaine, R. Karim, A. Chlyah
      Pages 88-97
    6. O. A. Tanzarella, B. Greco
      Pages 98-108
  3. Wide Hybridization: Embryo, Ovule, and Panicle Culture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 109-109
    2. A. K. M. R. Islam, K. W. Shepherd
      Pages 128-151
    3. J. Valkoun, J. Dostál, D. Kučerová
      Pages 152-166
    4. R. de V.Pienaar
      Pages 167-217
    5. C. E. May
      Pages 229-249
    6. M. Zenkteler, W. Nitzsche
      Pages 262-268
    7. G. R. Donovan, B. T. Lee, J. W. Lee
      Pages 269-282
  4. In Vitro Production of Haploids and the Release of Varieties

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 283-283
    2. Youliang Zhao, Xianchang He, Jinlian Wang, Wenxuan Liu
      Pages 353-362
    3. J. J. Lettre, S. L. Kelly, A. A. Marsolais, K. J. Kasha
      Pages 416-424
    4. G. H. Liang, J. Qi, D. S. Hassawi
      Pages 425-434
    5. S. K. Datta, I. Potrykus, M. Bolik, G. Wenzel
      Pages 435-447
    6. M. N. Inagaki
      Pages 448-459
    7. K. Tsunewaki, Y. Mukai
      Pages 460-478
  5. Somaclonal and Gametoclonal Variation, and Mutation

  6. Nutritional Improvement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 591-591
    2. M. Feldman, L. Avivi, A. A. Levy, M. Zaccai, Y. Avivi, E. Millet
      Pages 593-614
  7. Protoplasts, Transient Gene Expression, and Cryopreservation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 645-645
    2. B. T. Lee, K. Murdoch, J. Topping, M. Kreis, M. G. K. Jones
      Pages 659-668
    3. Y. P. S. Bajaj
      Pages 669-681
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 683-687

About this book

Introduction

Wheat, which is the second most important cereal crop in the world, is being grown in a wide range of climates over an area of about 228 945 thou­ sand ha with a production of about 535 842 MT in the world. Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) accounts for 80% of the wheat consumption, howe­ ver, it is attacked by a large number of pests and pathogens; rusts and smuts cause enormous damage to the crop and reduce the yield drastically in some areas. The major breeding objectives for wheat include grain yield, earliness, resistance to lodging and diseases, spikelet fertility, cold tolerance, leaf duration and net assimilation rate, fertilizer utilization, coleoptile length, nutritional value, organoleptic qualities, and the improvement of charac­ ters such as color and milling yield. The breeding of wheat by traditional methods has been practiced for centuries, however, it has only now come to a stage where these methods are insufficient to make any further breakthrough or to cope with the world's demand. Although numerous varieties are released every year around the world, they do not last long, and long-term objectives cannot be realized unless more genetic variability is generated. Moreover, the intro­ duction of exotic genetic stocks and their cultivation over large areas results in the depletion and loss of the native germplasm pool.

Keywords

Expression Mutation Pathogen Triticale Triticum aestivum L. Triticum durum Desf. biotechnology breeding cryopreservation gene expression genes hybridization temperature transport wheat

Editors and affiliations

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
    • 1
  1. 1.New Friends ColonyNew DelhiIndia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-10933-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08081-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-10933-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0934-943X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site