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Faulting in Brittle Rocks

An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tectonic Faults

  • Georg Mandl

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Georg Mandl
    Pages 1-59
  3. Georg Mandl
    Pages 60-70
  4. Georg Mandl
    Pages 71-112
  5. Georg Mandl
    Pages 113-163
  6. Georg Mandl
    Pages 164-214
  7. Georg Mandl
    Pages 215-297
  8. Georg Mandl
    Pages 376-406
  9. Georg Mandl
    Pages 407-428
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 429-434

About this book

Introduction

The book presents an introduction to the mechanical genesis of tectonic faults in the brittle crust of the Earth. In the first chapters mechanical concepts of rock (such as brittleness, stresses in a discontinuum, effective stress, buoyancy, poro-thermo-elasticiy, fracture modes and the corresponding failure and slip conditions) are discussed. The book focuses on the critical re-assessment of Coulomb-Mohr's theory of sliding deformation in rocks, and explores the wide range of fault structures that can be analysed by this theory. Strong emphasis is laid on the effects of pore pressure changes. Phenomena, such as the growth, spacing, and reactivation of faults, the distribution of fault slip, and the formation of certain shear joints, which lie outside the scope of Coulomb-Mohr's simple theory, are tackled by different theoretical, numerical and experimental methods. The book concludes with a discourse on similarity and self-similarity of fault structures and a critical examination of the feasibility of scaled model experiments. Mathematical formalism is restricted to a minimum and is replaced, wherever possible, by the extremely useful graphic method of Mohr's stress circle which is introduced in a separate chapter. The book includes illustrative geological and geotechnical examples.

Keywords

Deformation Erdölproduktion Felsmechanik Ingenieurgeologie Strukturgeologie engineering geology fault petroleum exploration petroleum production rock engineering structural geology

Authors and affiliations

  • Georg Mandl
    • 1
  1. 1.FeldkirchAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-04262-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08570-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-04262-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site