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Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice

  • David A. Evans
  • Vimla L. Patel

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 97)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Philosophical Issues: Information Representation

  3. Artificial Intelligence Issues: Knowledge-Based Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Jeremy Wyatt, David Spiegelhalter
      Pages 101-120
  4. Technology and Artificial Intelligence Issues: Implementations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Spyridan D. Moulopoulos
      Pages 163-170
    3. Gianpaolo Molino
      Pages 171-189
  5. Psychological Issues: Medical Cognition

  6. Psychological Issues: Teaching and Learning in Medicine

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 283-283
    2. Yuichiro Anzai, Vimla L. Patel
      Pages 285-305
    3. K. J. Gilhooly, P. McGeorge, J. Hunter, J. M. Rawles, I. K. Kirby
      Pages 327-335
    4. H. P. A. Boshuizen, P. P. M. Hobus, E. J. F. M. Custers, H. G. Schmidt
      Pages 337-348
  7. Reflections on Practice: The Medical School Perspective

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 369-376

About these proceedings

Introduction

Cognitive science is a multidisciplinary science concerned with understanding and utilizing models of cognition. It has spawned a great dealof research on applications such as expert systems and intelligent tutoring systems, and has interacted closely with psychological research. However, it is generally accepted that it is difficult to apply cognitive-scientific models to medical training and practice. This book is based on a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Italy in 1991, the purpose of which was to examine the impact ofmodels of cognition on medical training and practice and to outline future research programmes relating cognition and education, and in particular to consider the potential impact of cognitive science on medical training and practice. A major discovery presented in the book is that the research areas related to artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and medical decision making are considerably closer, both conceptually and theoretically, than many of the workshop participants originally thought.

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence Assessment Cognition Models Knowledge-based Systems Medical Training Medizinische Ausbildung Wissensbasierte Systeme cognition cognitive psychology cognitive science expert system knowledge knowledge-based system learning modeling

Editors and affiliations

  • David A. Evans
    • 1
  • Vimla L. Patel
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory for Computational Linguistics Departments of Philosophy and Computer ScienceCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Cognitive Studies in Medicine, Centre for Medical EducationMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02833-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08144-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-02833-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site