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Secondary Metabolism in Microorganisms, Plants and Animals

  • Martin Luckner

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages N1-13
  2. General Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 16-24
    3. Martin Luckner
      Pages 44-62
  3. Methods Used in the Investigation of Secondary Metabolism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 70-76
    3. Martin Luckner
      Pages 77-78
  4. Important Groups of Secondary Metabolic Enzymes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 83-83
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 84-87
    3. Martin Luckner
      Pages 88-103
    4. Martin Luckner
      Pages 104-108
    5. Martin Luckner
      Pages 109-109
    6. Martin Luckner
      Pages 112-114
  5. Structure, Biosynthesis, and Metabolism of Secondary Products in Microorganisms, Plants, and Animals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 115-115
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 116-138
    3. Martin Luckner
      Pages 143-188
    4. Martin Luckner
      Pages 189-194
    5. Martin Luckner
      Pages 199-256
    6. Martin Luckner
      Pages 257-258
    7. Martin Luckner
      Pages 324-331
    8. Martin Luckner
      Pages 332-336
    9. Martin Luckner
      Pages 337-339
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      Pages 340-342
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      Pages 343-344
    12. Martin Luckner
      Pages 368-375
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      Pages 376-379
    14. Martin Luckner
      Pages 385-406
    15. Martin Luckner
      Pages 466-480
  6. The Significance of Secondary Metabolism and Secondary Products for the Producer Organisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 481-485
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 491-497
    3. Martin Luckner
      Pages 498-502
    4. Martin Luckner
      Pages 503-506
    5. Martin Luckner
      Pages 507-528
  7. Secondary Products in Human Life

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 529-529
    2. Martin Luckner
      Pages 530-532

About this book

Introduction

Many of the reactions and compounds involved in metabolism are almost identical in the different groups of living organisms. They are known as primary metabolic reactions and primary metabolic products. In addition, however, a wide variety of biochemical pathways are characteristic of only a few species of organisms, of single "chemical races" or even of a certain stage of differentiation of special­ ized cells. Such pathways are collectively referred to as "secondary metabolism", and the compounds formed are called "secondary products". Secondary products are frequently revealed by their color, smell, or taste. They are responsible for the flavor of most foodstuffs and beverages and for the color and fragrance of flowers and fruits. Many of them are part of the materia medica, e. g. , alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, antibiotics, or compounds acting as hormones. Others are used by industry, e. g. , rubber, tannins, and cellulose. This book treats the organization and significance of biosynthesis, storage, transformation, and degradation of the most important groups of secondary products in microorganisms, plants, and animals. It shows that the formation of secondary products is a common characteristic of specialized cells brought about by the action of special enzymes encoded by specific genetic material. It demon­ strates that the. biosynthesis of secondary products is typically without signifi­ cance for the individual producer cell, but may play a decisive role in the develop· ment and function of the producer organism as a whole.

Keywords

Sekundärstoffwechsel enzymes metabolism microorganism plants

Authors and affiliations

  • Martin Luckner
    • 1
  1. 1.Sektion PharmazieMartin-Luther-UniversitätHalle-WittenbergDeutschland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02384-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-662-02386-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-02384-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site