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Avian Physiology

  • P. D. Sturkie

Part of the Springer Advanced Texts in Life Sciences book series (SATLIFE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. T. B. Bolton
    Pages 1-28
  3. M. R. Kare, J. G. Rogers Jr.
    Pages 29-52
  4. M. R. Fedde
    Pages 122-145
  5. G. C. Whittow
    Pages 146-173
  6. G. C. Whittow
    Pages 174-184
  7. R. L. Hazelwood
    Pages 210-232
  8. Paul Griminger
    Pages 233-251
  9. Paul Griminger
    Pages 252-262
  10. P. D. Sturkie
    Pages 263-285
  11. P. D. Sturkie
    Pages 286-301
  12. P. D. Sturkie, W. J. Mueller
    Pages 302-330
  13. R. K. Ringer
    Pages 348-358
  14. R. K. Ringer, D. C. Meyer
    Pages 359-371
  15. R. K. Ringer
    Pages 372-382
  16. R. L. Hazelwood
    Pages 383-388
  17. Back Matter
    Pages 389-400

About this book

Introduction

gested as acting as transmitters at synapses within point show structural modifications and physiologic 3 the eNS. The evidence for their transmitter roles specialization. Generally this specialization takes the form of the release of some chemical substance, in the bird is reviewed on p. 21. the transmitter, from one neuron (termed the pre­ synaptic neuron) into the narrow cleft, the synaptic Propagation of Excitation in Neurons gap, between apposed neurons. The postsynaptic membrane exhibits chemosensitivity and responds The axons of motor nerves and the dendrites of to the released transmitter in a characteristic way. sensory nerves are very long and may conduct exci­ The ability of one neuron to release transmitter tation over a meter or more. Neurons, and also and that of the other neuron to respond to it deter­ muscle cells, concentrate potassium within them­ mines the direction of the excitation's passage selves and exclude sodium. The tendency for potas­ across the synapse and the designation of one sium to leave the cell down its concentration gra­ membrane as "presynaptic" and the other as "post­ dient is matched by the concentrating ability of the synaptic. " In the periphery, where neuron apposes sodium pump which also pumps potassium. Be­ skeletal muscle, specialized regions of the mem­ cause the cell membrane is permeable to potassium, brane, such as the "endplate," have sometimes de­ a diffusion potential arises from the unequal con­ veloped. In smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and centrations of potassium at either side.

Keywords

Tierphysiologie Vögel animal physiology bird muscle neurons physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • P. D. Sturkie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Physiology, Cook CollegeRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-96274-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-96276-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-96274-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0172-6226
  • Buy this book on publisher's site