Arctic Life of Birds and Mammals

Including Man

  • Laurence Irving

Part of the Zoophysiology and Ecology book series (ZOOPHYSIOLOGY, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Laurence Irving
    Pages 1-3
  3. Laurence Irving
    Pages 4-21
  4. Laurence Irving
    Pages 22-36
  5. Laurence Irving
    Pages 37-61
  6. Laurence Irving
    Pages 62-78
  7. Laurence Irving
    Pages 79-94
  8. Laurence Irving
    Pages 95-103
  9. Laurence Irving
    Pages 104-113
  10. Laurence Irving
    Pages 114-136
  11. Laurence Irving
    Pages 137-162
  12. Laurence Irving
    Pages 163-177
  13. Laurence Irving
    Pages 178-189
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 191-194

About this book

Introduction

After travel through Alaska during the Second World War, in 1947 I went to Barrow with a very lively group of biologists. From their productive research developed the Arctic Research Laboratory. While we examined the rather surpris­ ingly modest metabolic rates of arctic warmblooded animals in cold, PER SCHO­ LANDER proposed and then carried out measurements of metabolism of some tropi­ cal animals in Panama. The differences could be formulated to show the basis of adaptation to arctic cold and to tropical warmth. Imagination and logic were required to formulate the comparison so that it could become a part of science, but the essential measurements were derived from animals and plants in their own arctic and tropical environments. Characteristics that adapt the forms of life to climatic conditions of various environments appear clear in the large dimensions of extremely differing climates. At the time of my arrival in Alaska many of the arctic Eskimos were still largely dependent on natural resources of their immediate and local environment, in which great seasonal changes in temperature and solar radiation appeared as dominant factors. The living environment on which they subsisted was also mar­ kedly affected by the changes of the seasons, in particular by the change in state of water to ice that terminated summer and by the melting that brought the late transition from winter to summer.

Keywords

Arctic Birds Life Mammals metabolism

Authors and affiliations

  • Laurence Irving
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-85655-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1972
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-85657-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-85655-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0720-1842
  • About this book