Exploration of Halley’s Comet

  • Michael Grewing
  • Françoise Praderie
  • Rüdeger Reinhard

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. New information on comet P/Halley as depicted by Giotto di Bondone and other Western artists

  3. Encounters with comets: discoveries and puzzles in cometary plasma physics

  4. The pick-up of cometary protons by the solar wind

    1. M. Neugebauer, A. J. Lazarus, K. Altwegg, H. Balsiger, B. E. Goldstein, R. Goldstein et al.
      Pages 21-24
  5. Alfvénic turbulence in the solar wind flow during the approach to comet P/Halley

    1. A. D. Johnstone, A. J. Coates, J. Heath, M. F. Thomsen, B. Wilken, K. Jockers et al.
      Pages 25-32
  6. General features of comet P/Halley: solar wind interaction from plasma measurements

    1. H. Rème, J. A. Sauvaud, C. d’Uston, A. Cros, K. A. Anderson, C. W. Carlson et al.
      Pages 33-38
  7. The Sakigake/Suisei Encounter with comet P/Halley

  8. Waves in the magnetic field and solar wind flow outside the bow shock at comet P/Halley

    1. A. Johnstone, K. Glassmeier, M. Acuna, H. Borg, D. Bryant, A. Coates et al.
      Pages 47-54
  9. Solar wind flow through the comet P/Halley bow shock

    1. A. J. Coates, A. D. Johnstone, M. F. Thomsen, V. Formisano, E. Amata, B. Wilken et al.
      Pages 55-60
  10. Macroscopic perturbations of the IMF by P/Halley as seen by the Giotto magnetometer

    1. J. Raeder, F. M. Neubauer, N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga
      Pages 61-64
  11. Low-frequency magnetic field fluctuations in comet P/Halley’s magnetosheath: Giotto observations

    1. K. H. Glaßmeier, F. M. Neubauer, M. H. Acuña, F. Mariani
      Pages 65-68
  12. Fine structure of the magnetic field in comet P/Halley’s coma

    1. Y. G. Yeroshenko, V. A. Styashkin, W. Riedler, K. Schwingenschuh, C. T. Russel
      Pages 69-72
  13. Giotto magnetic-field results on the boundaries of the pile-up region and the magnetic cavity

  14. Identification of boundaries in the cometary environment from ac electric field measurements

    1. M. Mogilevsky, Y. Mikhailov, O. Molchanov, R. Grard, A. Pedersen, J. G. Trotignon et al.
      Pages 80-82
  15. Dust observations of comet P/Halley by the plasma-wave analyser

    1. J. G. Trotignon, C. Béghin, R. Grard, A. Pedersen, V. Formisano, M. Mogilevsky et al.
      Pages 83-88
  16. Comparative study of the low-frequency waves near comet P/Halley during the Vega-1 and Vega-2 flybys

    1. S. Savin, G. Avanesova, M. Balikhin, D. Wozniak, P. Wronowski, S. Klimov et al.
      Pages 89-93
  17. Plasma flow in the cometosheath of P/Halley during the encounter of Suisei

    1. S. Takahashi, T. Terasawa, T. Mukai, M. Kitayama, W. Miyake, K. Hirao
      Pages 94-96
  18. MHD waves detected by ICE at distances ≥ 28 106 km from comet P/Halley: Cometary or solar wind origin?

    1. B. T. Tsurutani, A. L. Brinca, E. J. Smith, R. M. Thorne, F. L. Scarf, J. T. Gosling et al.
      Pages 97-102
  19. Plasma-tail activity at the time of the Vega encounters

    1. M. B. Niedner Jr., K. Schwingenschuh
      Pages 103-108
  20. Observations of cometary plasma-wave phenomena

    1. F. L. Scarf, F. V. Coroniti, C. F. Kennel, D. A. Gurnett, W.-H. Ip, E. J. Smith
      Pages 109-116

About these proceedings

Introduction

The 1985/86 apparition of Halley's Comet turned out to be the most important apparition of a comet ever. It provided a worldwide science community with a wealth of exciting new discoveries, the most remarkable of which was undoubtedly the first image of a cometary nucleus. Halley's Comet is the brightest periodic comet, and the most famous of the 750 known comets. With its 76-year period, its recent appearance was truly a "once-in-a-lifetime" observational opportunity. The 1985/86 apparition was the thirtieth consecutive recorded apparition. Five apparitions ago, the English astronomer Edmond Halley discovered the periodicity of "his" comet and correctly predicted its return in 1758, a triumph for science best appreciated in the context of contemporary views, or rather fears, about comets at that time. The increasingly rapid progress in technological development is very much apparent when one compares the dominant tools for cometary research during Halley's next three apparitions: in 1835 studies were made based on drawings ofthe comet; in 1910 photographic plates were used; while in March 1986 an armada of six spacecraft from four space agencies approached the comet and carried out in situ measurements, 1 AU from the Earth. In 1910, nobody could have dreamed that this was possible, and today it is equally difficult to anticipate what scientists will be able to achieve in 2061.

Keywords

Libration Perihel Population dynamics environment evolution ionosphere iron observatory solar solar system solar wind system the origin turbulence

Editors and affiliations

  • Michael Grewing
    • 1
  • Françoise Praderie
    • 2
  • Rüdeger Reinhard
    • 3
  1. 1.Astronomisches Institut der UniversitätTübingenFed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Observatoire de MeudonMeudon Principal CedexFrance
  3. 3.Space Science Department of ESA/ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-82971-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-82973-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-82971-0
  • About this book