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  • Conference proceedings
  • © 1986

Disordered Systems and Biological Organization

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Disordered Systems and Biological Organization held at Les Houches, February 25 – March 8, 1985

Part of the book series: NATO ASI Subseries F: (NATO ASI F, volume 20)

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Table of contents (40 papers)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages I-XXI
  2. Automata Theory

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. On Some Dynamical Properties of Monotone Networks

      • Yves Robert, Maurice Tchuente
      Pages 49-52
    3. Inhomogeneous Cellular Automata (INCA)

      • H. Hartman, G. Y. Vichniac
      Pages 53-57
    4. The Ising Model And The Rudin-Shapiro Sequence

      • Jean-Paul Allouche
      Pages 59-62
    5. Dynamical Properties of An Automaton with Memory

      • Michel Cosnard, Eric Goles Chacc
      Pages 63-66
    6. Dynamics of Random Boolean Networks

      • Didier Pellegrin
      Pages 67-70
    7. Random Fields And Spatial Renewal Potentials

      • J. Demongeot, J. Fricot
      Pages 71-84
    8. Positive Automata Networks

      • E. Goles
      Pages 101-112
  3. Physical Disordered Systems

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 117-117
    2. Order and Defects in Geometrically Frustrated Systems

      • R. Mosseri, J. F. Sadoc
      Pages 149-152
  4. Formal Neural Networks

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 153-153
    2. Collective Computation With Continuous Variables

      • J. J. Hopfield, D. W. Tank
      Pages 155-170

About this book

The NATO workshop on Disordered Systems and Biological Organization was attended, in march 1985, by 65 scientists representing a large variety of fields: Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics and Biology. It was the purpose of this interdisciplinary workshop to shed light on the conceptual connections existing between fields of research apparently as different as: automata theory, combinatorial optimization, spin glasses and modeling of biological systems, all of them concerned with the global organization of complex systems, locally interconnected. Common to many contributions to this volume is the underlying analogy between biological systems and spin glasses: they share the same properties of stability and diversity. This is the case for instance of primary sequences of biopo Iymers I ike proteins and nucleic acids considered as the result of mutation-selection processes [P. W. Anderson, 1983] or of evolving biological species [G. Weisbuch, 1984]. Some of the most striking aspects of our cognitive apparatus, involved In learning and recognttlon [J. Hopfield, 19821, can also be described in terms of stability and diversity in a suitable configuration space. These interpretations and preoccupations merge with those of theoretical biologists like S. Kauffman [1969] (genetic networks) and of mathematicians of automata theory: the dynamics of networks of automata can be interpreted in terms of organization of a system in multiple possible attractors. The present introduction outlInes the relationships between the contributions presented at the workshop and brIefly discusses each paper in its particular scientific context.

Keywords

  • automata
  • combinatorial optimization
  • computer science
  • learning
  • mathematics
  • modeling
  • mutation
  • optimization

Editors and Affiliations

  • Laboratoire de Neurobiologie du Développement, Université de Paris XI, Orsay, France

    E. Bienenstock

  • Laboratoire de Dynamique des Reseaux, L.D.R. CESTA, Paris, France

    F. Fogelman Soulié

  • Groupe de Physique des Solides, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France

    G. Weisbuch

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Disordered Systems and Biological Organization

  • Book Subtitle: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Disordered Systems and Biological Organization held at Les Houches, February 25 – March 8, 1985

  • Editors: E. Bienenstock, F. Fogelman Soulié, G. Weisbuch

  • Series Title: NATO ASI Subseries F:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-82657-3

  • Publisher: Springer Berlin, Heidelberg

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

  • Copyright Information: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-642-82659-7Published: 15 December 2011

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-642-82657-3Published: 06 December 2012

  • Series ISSN: 0258-1248

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXI, 405

  • Topics: Artificial Intelligence, Health Informatics, Computational and Systems Biology

Buying options

eBook USD 99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-82657-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)