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Multiphase Migration of Organic Compounds in a Porous Medium

A Mathematical Model

  • Linda M. Abriola

Part of the Lecture Notes in Engineering book series (LNENG, volume 8)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 1-13
  3. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 14-52
  4. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 53-87
  5. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 88-142
  6. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 143-174
  7. Linda M. Abriola
    Pages 175-177
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 178-231

About this book

Introduction

Groundwater has long been one of the world's most important resources. It accounts for approximately 96% of all fresh water in the United States and supplies more than 50% of the population with potable water. Historically, this water source has generally been regarded as pristine. However, in recent years, contamination of ground water by industrial products has become a problem of growing concern. During the past four decades, the variety and quantity of organic chemicals produced in the U. S. has steadily increased. Currently, more than 40,000 different organic compounds are being manufactured, trans­ ported, used and eventually disposed of in the environment (Wilson, et !l (1981». Production and consumption of petroleum products has also risen in this same time period. Many of these industrial compounds are highly toxic and slightly water soluble. Thus, they pose a poten­ tial threat to large volumes of groundwater if they are somehow intro­ duced into the subsurface. Increased production of chemicals implies the increased risk of accidental spills or leakage to the soil, and indeed, the literature abounds with contamination case histories. 2 Incidences of petroleum contamination of groundwater have been documented by many authors. For example, see: Schwi11e (1967); Toms (1971); Guenther (1972); McKee, et!l (1912); Williams and Wilder (1971); Van100cke, et ~]-

Keywords

Groundwater contamination Nonporous Media Subsurface contamination calculus environment migration model operator organic compounds simulation water

Authors and affiliations

  • Linda M. Abriola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-82343-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-13694-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-82343-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0176-5035
  • Buy this book on publisher's site