Advertisement

The Stratospheric Aerosol Layer

  • Robert C. Whitten

Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 28)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. R. C. Whitten, P. Hamill
    Pages 1-14
  3. E. C. Y. Inn, N. H. Farlow, P. B. Russell, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu
    Pages 15-68
  4. R. G. Keesee, A. W. Castleman Jr.
    Pages 69-92
  5. O. B. Toon, J. B. Pollack
    Pages 121-147
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 149-154

About this book

Introduction

It is now a quarter of a century since Junge and his coworkers recovered the first sample from the sulfate aerosol layer in the stratosphere. Since that time vast strides have been made in determining its physical properties and morphology. These investigations have been performed with instruments on board aircraft and balloon platforms as in the early days, with ground-based lidar (optical radar), and most recently with satellite-borne optical instruments. It will become evident in Chapter 2 that in situ measurements by aircI'aft and ,balloon sensors complement rather than duplicate the remote techniques (lidar and satellite). Hence future programs will probably continue to utilize direct as well as indirect experimental techniques. Concurrently, with the observations of the gross properties of the aerosol layer, la~oratory and theoretical studies have sought to elucidate the chemical and micro­ physical processes which influence the formation and growth of the aerosol par­ ticles. The laboratory investigations have included studies of gas phase chemistry, and particle nucleation and growth mechanisms. Theoretical studies have revolved mainly around a series of models developed by atmospheric scientists. The earliest of these models was constructed by Junge and his colleagues. With the advent of third- and fourth-generation computers, the capacity to solve the quite complex continuity equations whi~h govern particle formation, growth, and removal has ad­ vanced to the point where most of the particle properties can be simulated with reasonable confidence.

Keywords

Aerosol Messung Stratosphäre Sulfat satellite

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert C. Whitten
    • 1
  1. 1.Space Science DivisionNASA-Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-81757-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-81759-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-81757-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0342-6793
  • Buy this book on publisher's site