The Vascular Cambium

Development and Structure

  • Philip R. Larson

Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 1-5
  3. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 7-8
  4. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 9-32
  5. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 33-97
  6. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 99-154
  7. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 155-318
  8. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 319-362
  9. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 363-452
  10. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 453-498
  11. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 499-586
  12. Philip R. Larson
    Pages 587-637
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 639-727

About this book

Introduction

The cambium has been variously defined as follows: "The actively dividing layer of cells that lies between, and gives rise to, secondary xylem and phloem (vascular cambium)" (IAWA 1964); "A meristem with products of periclinal divisions commonly contributed in two directions and arranged in radial files. Term pre­ ferably applied only to the two lateral meristems, the vascular cambium and cork cambium, or phellogen" (Esau 1977); and, "Lateral meristem in vascular plants which produces secondary xylem, secondary phloem, and parenchyma, usually in radial rows; it consists of one layer of initials and their undifferentiated deriva­ tives" (Little and Jones 1980). Clearly, the cambium is a diverse and extensive meristem, and no one defini­ tion will encompass all manifestations of what anatomists consider cambium. Its diversity and extent are further exemplified by a single plant, such as a temperate­ zone tree, in which procambium is initiated in the embryo and perpetuated throughout every lateral, primary meristem before giving rise to cambium in the secondary body. The cambium thereafter performs its meristematic task of producing daughter cells that differentiate to specialized tissue systems. The cam­ bium, however, does not remain static. Its derivatives vary either in form, or TImc­ tion, or rate of production at different positions on the tree, with age of the tree, and with season of the year. Moreover, the cambium responds both to internal sig­ nals and to external stimuli such as environment or wounding.

Keywords

Cambium Holz Kambium Phloem Vascular Cambium Woody plant Xylem cell cell division development growth plant plants tissue wood

Authors and affiliations

  • Philip R. Larson
    • 1
  1. 1.North Central Forest Experiment StationUSDA Forest ServiceRhinelanderUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-78466-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-78468-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-78466-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8563
  • About this book