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Volcanic Seismology

  • Paolo Gasparini
  • Roberto Scarpa
  • Keiiti Aki

Part of the IAVCEI Proceedings in Volcanology book series (VOLCANOLOGY, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Seismic Activity and Other Precursors of Eruptions

  4. Modeling of Volcanic Earthquakes, Tremors and Long-Term Events

  5. Tomography and Detection of Magma Chambers

  6. Seismic Activity in Resurgent Calderas and Geothermal Fields

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 569-572

About these proceedings

Introduction

For many centuries people living on volcanoes have known that the outset of seismic activity is often a forerunner of a volcanic eruption. This understand­ ing allowed people living close to the sites of the Mt. Nuovo 1538 eruption at Campi Flegrei, Italy, and of the Mt. Usu 1663 eruption, in Hokkaido, Japan (to quote only two examples) to flee before the eruptions started. During the second half of the 19th century seismographs were installed on some volcanoes, and the link between seismic and eruptive activity started to be assessed on a firmer scientific basis. The first systematic observations of the correlations existing between seismic activity and volcanic eruptions were probably those carried out at Mt. Vesuvius by Luigi Palmieri in 1856. Palmieri was the Director of Osservatorio Vesuviano and built an electromagnetic seismograph with the aim of "making visible the smallest ground motions by recording them on paper and indicating direction, intensity and duration". He was able to show the relationship between earthquakes and the different phases of volcanic activity. He identified the harmonic tremor which he indicated was a precursor of volcanic activity: "the characteristic feature of the ground mo­ tions preceding eruption is its continuity . . . (before the eruption of 1861) the electromagnetic seismograph began to show a continuous tremor". The Palmieri seismograph was also utilized in Japan until 1883, when it was replaced by the new Gray-Milne seismographs, and, later, by the Omori in­ struments.

Keywords

Geothermik Seismik Seismotechnik Tomographie Tomography Vulkanismus earthquake magma seismic seismology volcanism volcano

Editors and affiliations

  • Paolo Gasparini
    • 1
  • Roberto Scarpa
    • 2
  • Keiiti Aki
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Geofisica e VulcanologiaUniversità di Napoli Federico IINapoliItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità Degli Studi dell’AquilaCoppito (L’Aquila)Italy
  3. 3.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-77008-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-77010-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-77008-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-9658
  • Buy this book on publisher's site