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Bird Migration

Physiology and Ecophysiology

  • Eberhard Gwinner

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Introduction

    1. E. Gwinner
      Pages 1-4
  3. Patterns of Migration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. T. C. Williams, J. M. Williams
      Pages 7-21
    3. S. R. Johnson, D. R. Herter
      Pages 22-43
    4. B. Bruderer, L. Jenni
      Pages 60-77
    5. J. R. Jehl Jr.
      Pages 102-113
  4. Ecological and Behavioral Aspects of Migration

  5. Physiological Adaptations to Migration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-183
    2. G. R. Martin
      Pages 185-197
    3. J. C. Wingfield, H. Schwabl, P. W. Mattocks Jr.
      Pages 232-256
    4. P. Berthold
      Pages 269-280
  6. Avian Flight

  7. Strategies and Tactics of Migration

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 423-435

About these proceedings

Introduction

E. GWINNER! The phenomenon of bird migration with its large scale dimensions has attracted the attention of naturalists for centuries. Worldwide billions of birds leave their breeding grounds every autumn to migrate to areas with seasonally more favor­ able conditions. Many of these migrants travel only over a few hundred kilo­ meters but others cover distances equivalent to the circumference of the earth. Among these long-distance migrants are several billion birds that invade Africa every autumn from their West and Central Palaearctic breeding areas. In the Americas and in Asia the scope of bird migration is of a similar magnitude. Just as impressive as the numbers of birds are their achievements. They have to cope with the enormous energetic costs of long-distance flying. particularly while crossing oceans and deserts that do not allow replenishment of depleted fat reserves. They have to appropriately time the onset and end of migrations. both on a daily and annual basis. And finally. they have to orient their migratory movements in space to reach their species- or population-specific wintering and breeding grounds, irrespective of the variable climatic conditions along their migratory routes.

Keywords

Vogelflug Vogelphysiologie Vogelzug Zugvögel adaptation biology bird ecophysiology genetics migration nutrition physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Eberhard Gwinner
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für Verhaltensphysiologie VogelwarteAndechsGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74542-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-74544-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-74542-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site