Lava Flows and Domes

Emplacement Mechanisms and Hazard Implications

  • Jonathan H. Fink

Part of the IAVCEI Proceedings in Volcanology book series (VOLCANOLOGY, volume 2)

About this book

Introduction

This collection of papers is based on a symposium held in 1987 at the Interna­ tional Union of Geology and Geodesy Congress in Vancouver, British Colum­ bia. The Symposium was planned as a follow-up to a session at the 1984 Geo­ logical Society of America Annual Meeting in Reno, Nevada, which dealt with the emplacement of silicic lava domes. In both cases, emphasis was placed on the physical and mechanical rather than chemical aspects of lava flow. The IUGG Symposium consisted of two lecture sessions, a poster session, and two discussion periods, and had 22 participants. The contributions to this volume are all based on papers presented in the various parts of the Sym­ posium. The motivation for studying lava flow mechanics is both practical and scientific. Scientists and government agencies seek to more effectively predict the hazards associated with active lavas. Recovering mineral resources found in lava flows and domes also requires an understanding of their emplacement. From a more theoretical standpoint, petrologists view lava studies as a way to directly observe the rheologic consequences of mixing crystals, bubbles, and solid blocks of country rock with silicate liquids. This information can then be used to constrain processes occurring in the concealed conduits, dikes, and chambers that feed flows and domes on the surface.

Keywords

Deformation Mafic formation growth lava magma morphology ore deposit volcano

Editors and affiliations

  • Jonathan H. Fink
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74379-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-74381-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-74379-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-9658
  • About this book