Natural Products of Woody Plants

Chemicals Extraneous to the Lignocellulosic Cell Wall

  • John W. Rowe

Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XLI
  2. Introduction and Historical Background

  3. Fractionation and Proof of Structure of Natural Products

    1. J. Snyder, R. Breuning, F. Derguini, K. Nakanishi
      Pages 27-124
  4. Evolution of Natural Products

    1. O. R. Gottlieb
      Pages 125-153
  5. Carbohydrates

    1. J. N. BeMiller
      Pages 155-178
  6. Nitrogenous Extractives

    1. S. I. Sakai, N. Aimi, E. Yamanaka, K. Yamaguchi
      Pages 200-257
  7. Aliphatic and Alicyclic Extractives

    1. Y. Ohta
      Pages 259-274
    2. D. F. Zinkel
      Pages 299-304
    3. P. E. Kolattukudy, K. E. Espelie
      Pages 304-367
  8. Benzenoid Extractives

    1. O. Theander, L. N. Lundgren
      Pages 369-399
    2. O. R. Gottlieb, M. Yoshida
      Pages 439-511
    3. J. B. Harborne
      Pages 533-570
    4. R. W. Hemingway
      Pages 571-651
    5. L. J. Porter
      Pages 651-690
  9. Isoprenoids

    1. Sukh Dev
      Pages 691-807

About this book

Introduction

Wood as found in trees and bushes was of primary importance to ancient humans in their struggle to control their environment. Subsequent evolution through the Bronze and Iron Ages up to our present technologically advanced society has hardly diminished the importance of wood. Today, its role as a source of paper products, furniture, building materials, and fuel is still of major significance. Wood consists of a mixture of polymers, often referred to as lignocellulose. The cellulose micro fibrils consist of an immensely strong, linear polymer of glucose. They are associated with smaller, more complex polymers composed of various sugars called hemicelluloses. These polysaccharides are embedded in an amorphous phenylpropane polymer, lignin, creating a remarkably strong com­ posite structure, the lignocellulosic cell wall. Wood also contains materials that are largely extraneous to this lignocellulosic cell wall. These extracellular substances can range from less than 1070 to about 35% of the dry weight of the wood, but the usual range is 2% -10%. Among these components are the mineral constituents, salts of calcium, potassium, sodium, and other metals, particularly those present in the soil where the tree is growing. Some of the extraneous components of wood are too insoluble to be ex­ tracted by inert solvents and remain to give extractive-free wood its color; very often these are high-molecular-weight polyphenolics.

Keywords

Oligosaccharid Woody plant evolution natural product natural products nitrogen plants protein proteins synthesis wood

Editors and affiliations

  • John W. Rowe
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Service, Forest Products LaboratoryUSDAMadisonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74075-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-74077-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-74075-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8563
  • About this book