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Methods in Lignin Chemistry

  • Stephen Y. Lin
  • Carlton W. Dence

Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXX
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. C. W. Dence, S. Y. Lin
      Pages 3-19
  3. Detection and Determination

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. J. Nakano, G. Meshitsuka
      Pages 23-32
    3. C. W. Dence
      Pages 33-61
  4. Isolation and Purification

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. K. Lundquist
      Pages 65-70
    3. H.-m. Chang
      Pages 71-74
    4. S. Y. Lin
      Pages 75-80
  5. Characterization in Solid State

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 81-81
    2. K. Fukazawa
      Pages 110-121
    3. L. A. Donaldson
      Pages 122-132
    4. S. Saka
      Pages 133-145
    5. R. H. Atalla, U. P. Agarwal, J. S. Bond
      Pages 162-176
    6. D. Meier, O. Faix
      Pages 177-199
    7. H. Hatakeyama
      Pages 200-214
  6. Characterization in Solution: Spectroscopic Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. S. Y. Lin
      Pages 217-232
    3. K. Lundquist
      Pages 242-249
    4. D. N.-S. Hon
      Pages 274-286
  7. Characterization in Solution: Chemical Degradation Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 287-287
    2. K. Lundquist
      Pages 289-300
    3. C.-L. Chen
      Pages 301-321
    4. C. Rolando, B. Monties, C. Lapierre
      Pages 334-349
    5. A. Sakakibara
      Pages 350-368
    6. M. Funaoka, I. Abe, V. L. Chiang
      Pages 369-386
    7. K. V. Sarkanen, A. Islam, C. D. Anderson
      Pages 387-406
  8. Functional Group Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 407-407
    2. C. W. Dence
      Pages 435-445
    3. C.-L. Chen
      Pages 446-457
    4. C. W. Dence
      Pages 458-464
    5. C.-L. Chen
      Pages 465-472
  9. Determination of Molecular Weight, Size, and Distribution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 485-485
    2. G. Gellerstedt
      Pages 487-497
    3. F. Pla
      Pages 498-508
    4. F. Pla
      Pages 509-517
    5. S. Y. Lin
      Pages 518-523
  10. Separation of Identification of Low-Molecular Weight Fragments and Model Compounds

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 525-525
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 568-578

About this book

Introduction

The structural complexity of lignin has continually challenged the in­ genuity of researchers to develop suitable methods for its charac­ terization prior to and following a wide variety of chemical, biologi­ cal, and physical treatments. Initially, activity along these lines was fueled by a desire to interpret technical delignification (Le. , pulping) processes in terms of accompanying structural changes in the lignin. Subsequently, increasingly wide ranging, in-depth investigations on the structure and reactivity of lignin exposed the inadequacy of many of the methods currently in use and underscored the ever-continuing need to develop new methods capable of solving the unique analytical problems associated with lignin. Characteristically, such methods should be selective, sensitive, suitable for quantitative measurements, and capable of being applied directly to, and without destruction of, the lignin or lignocellulose sample. One notable example of the head­ way being made in reaching this objective is the relatively recent devel­ opment and refinement of methods based on the use of sophisticated instrumentation, e. g. , lH_ and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Although the utility of many of these and other recently developed methods de­ scribed in this book has yet to be fully and satisfactorily exploited, we believe that progress already made in this direction will continue and most likely accelerate. The decision to produce this book was prompted mainly by the acknowledged need for an up-to-date, single source compilation of lignin methodology. Hitherto, this need was, in part, satisfied by B. L.

Keywords

Holz Lignin Papier paper wood

Editors and affiliations

  • Stephen Y. Lin
    • 1
  • Carlton W. Dence
    • 2
  1. 1.LignoTech USA Inc.RothschildUSA
  2. 2.HendersonvilleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-74067-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-74065-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8563
  • Buy this book on publisher's site