Clinical Aspects of Sensory Motor Integration

  • Albrecht Struppler
  • Adolf Weindl

Part of the Advances in Applied Neurological Sciences book series (NEUROLOGICAL, volume 4)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Somatosensory Activity Relevant for Motor Output

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. Gybels, H. Adriaensen, H. O. Handwerker, J. Van Hees
      Pages 25-33
    3. H.-G. Schaible, R. F. Schmidt, W. D. Willis
      Pages 34-45
  3. Central Motor Actions of Sensory Input

  4. The Muscles and Their Neural Control

  5. Convergence on the Final Common Path

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 141-141

About these proceedings

Introduction

The ability to use tools skillfully is generally regarded as one of the major achievements in the evolutionary development of the human nervous system. It is possible for controlled movements of muscles to be executed only if sensory information is integrated into complex neural circuits at various hierarchical levels. The chapters in this volume deal with basic and clinical aspects of integrative processing of sensory and motor activities. New findings emphasize the important influence of somatosensory activity such as tactile, proprioceptive, noxious cutaneous, and articular input on motor output. Furthermore, recordings of evoked potentials as well as unit recordings indicate that sensory and cortical activities are highly interrelated. Control of muscles by motoneurons is exerted both electrically and chemically. Disturbed muscle-motoneuron interaction is reflected in ultrastructural motoneuron morphology and may be of importance in the pathogenesis of motoneuron disease. Long loop reflex testing under various pathological conditions provides insight into disturbed sensory motor circuitry in humans. Electrophysiological recording as well as neurochemical and im­ munohistochemical studies elucidate the neural circuitry of basal ganglia and their neural connections, thus providing improved therapeutic concepts. The role of the thalamus and thalamocortical connections in sensory motor processing is of particular interest, because motor disturbances such as tremor or dystonia can be effectively relieved by stereotaxic interventions at the subthalamic or thalamic level.

Keywords

Parkinson cortex muscle neurons neuropeptides physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Albrecht Struppler
    • 1
  • Adolf Weindl
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik und PoliklinikTechnischen Universität MünchenMünchen 80Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-71540-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-71542-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-71540-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0935-0195
  • About this book