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Iridoviridae

  • Dawn B. Willis

Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 116)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. G. Devauchelle, D. B. Stoltz, F. Darcy-Tripier
    Pages 1-21
  3. D. C. Kelly
    Pages 23-35
  4. G. Devauchelle, J. Attias, C. Monnier, S. Barray, M. Cerutti, J. Guerillon et al.
    Pages 37-48
  5. R. T. Hess, G. O. Poinar Jr.
    Pages 49-76
  6. D. B. Willis, R. Goorha, V. G. Chinchar
    Pages 77-106
  7. K. G. Murti, R. Goorha, M. Chen
    Pages 107-131
  8. R. M. Flügel
    Pages 133-150
  9. E. Viñuela
    Pages 151-170
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 171-173

About this book

Introduction

In 1976 the International Committee on Taxonomy of Vi­ ruses (ICTV) created the family Iridoviridae to encompass several different vertebrate and invertebrate viruses that did not fit into any of the other established groups. The unifying features of this new family were (1) polyhedral symmetry; (2) large (approximately 170 kilobase pairs), lin­ ear, double-stranded DNA genomes; and (37) a cytoplas­ mic site of replication. The name "iridovirus" was derived from the observa­ tion that larvae infected with many of the insect viruses, as well as purified pellets of these viruses, glowed with a blue or green iridescence - presumably due to the Bragg effect of the viral crystals. However, none of the vertebrate "iridoviruses" displayed this particular characteristic. An attempt was made to substitute the more descriptive name of "icosahedral cytoplasmic deoxyribovirus", but not only was this term too unwieldy, it also did not conform to the latinized nomenclature the ICTV wished to adopt. So, for both historical and esthetic reasons, "Iridoviridae" was adopted as a family name, with Iridovirus as the genus represented by the type 1 iridescent insect virus, Tipula iri­ descent virus. At the 1982 ICTV Meeting, enough biochem­ ical data had accumulated to permit the establishment of the following five genera in the family Iridoviridae: English vernacular International Type species name name 1. Small iridescent Iridovirus Tipula iridescent virus insect virus (Type 1) 2. Large iridescent Chloriridovirus Mosquito iridescent insect virus virus (Type 2) 3.

Keywords

cytoplasm taxonomy virus

Editors and affiliations

  • Dawn B. Willis
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratories of Virology and Molecular BiologySt. Jude Children’s Research HospitalMemphisUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70280-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-70282-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70280-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-217X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site