The Surface-Contact Glia

  • Ferenc Hajós
  • Eduardo Bascó

Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 84)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VI
  2. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 1-5
  3. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 6-9
  4. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 10-29
  5. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 30-45
  6. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 48-53
  7. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 54-61
  8. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 62-63
  9. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 64-66
  10. Ferenc Hajós, Eduardo Bascó
    Pages 67-69
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 70-81

About this book

Introduction

1. 1 Brief History The diversity of cells constituting the central nervous system did not deceive last century neurohistologists in recognizing that this organ contained essentially two cell types: the nerve cells, or as termed according to the emerging concept of neural contiguity, the neurons, and the neuroglial cells. Neurons were clearly shown to be the means of excitability, impulse generation, impulse transmission, and connectivity in the neural tissue. The neuroglia, as indicated by its name (YAloc=cement or glue) given by Virchow (1860), was thought to be the cement­ ing material ensuring the coherence of the nervous tissue, filling in the spaces of the neuropil, and isolating neuronal cell bodies. While this supposedly passive role did not attract multidisciplinary research on the neuroglia, successful efforts were made to extend our knowledge of the physiology, morphology, and bio­ chemistry of neurons. As a result of this, the investigation of the neuroglia carried out in the first half of this century was mainly confined to morphology, often as a by-product of comprehensive analyses of neuronal systems. At any rate, the histological classification of the neuroglia was accomplished, laying a framework which has been used to the present day. Accordingly, the glia was divided into two major groups: the macro- and microglia. The former comprises two further subclasses, the astroglia and oligodendroglia.

Keywords

Astrocyt Glia Nervous System cortex forebrain neurons physiology

Authors and affiliations

  • Ferenc Hajós
    • 1
  • Eduardo Bascó
    • 1
  1. 1.1st Department of Anatomy, Medical SchoolSemmelweis UniversityBudapestHungary

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69623-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-13243-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-69623-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0301-5556
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-7065
  • About this book