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Polymer Degradation and Stabilization

  • W. Lincoln Hawkins

Part of the Polymers Properties and Applications book series (POLYMERS, volume 8)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 1-2
  3. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 3-34
  4. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 40-73
  5. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 74-90
  6. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 91-97
  7. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 98-113
  8. W. Lincoln Hawkins
    Pages 114-115
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 117-119

About this book

Introduction

The development of polymers as an important class of material was inhibited at the first by the premature failure of these versatile compounds in many applications. The deterioration of important properties of both natural and synthetic polymers is the result of irreversible changes in composition and structure of polymers molecules. As a result of these reactions, mechanical, electrical and/or aesthetic properties are degraded beyond acceptable limits. It is now generally recognized that stabilization against degradation is necessary if the useful life of polymers is to be extended sufficiently to meet design requirements for long-term applications. Polymers degrade by a wide variety of mechanisms, several of which affect all polymers through to varying degree. This monograph will concentrate on those degradation mechanisms which result from reactions of polymers with oxygen in its various forms and which are accelerated by heat and/or radiation. Those stabilization mechanisms are discussed which are based on an understanding of degradation reaction mechanisms that are reasonably well established. The stabilization of polymers is still undergoing a transition from an art to a science as mechanisms of degradation become more fully developed. A scientific approach to stabilization can only be approached when there is an understanding of the reactions that lead to degradation. Stabilization against biodegradation and burning will not be discussed since there is not a clear understanding of how polymers degrade under these conditions.

Keywords

Abbau (Chem.) Chlor Degradation Kunststoff Kunststoffstabilisierung Photochemistry Radiation chemistry hydrogen polymer

Authors and affiliations

  • W. Lincoln Hawkins
    • 1
  1. 1.MontclairUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69376-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-69378-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-69376-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0171-7901
  • Buy this book on publisher's site