Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Plants I

Structure, Biochemistry and Physiology of Proteins

  • Donald Boulter
  • Benno Parthier

Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 14 / A)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XX
  2. Introduction

    1. D. Boulter, B. Parthier
      Pages 1-2
  3. Biosynthesis and Metabolism of Protein Amino Acids and Proteins

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 3-3
    2. B. J. Miflin, P. J. Lea
      Pages 5-64
    3. J. H. Weil, B. Parthier
      Pages 65-112
    4. L. Beevers
      Pages 136-168
    5. Ph. Matile
      Pages 169-188
    6. D. D. Davies
      Pages 189-228
    7. J. A. M. Ramshaw
      Pages 229-290
    8. M.-N. Miège
      Pages 291-345
    9. R. C. Huffaker
      Pages 370-400
    10. D. D. Sabnis, J. W. Hart
      Pages 401-437
    11. C. F. Higgins, J. W. Payne
      Pages 438-458
    12. R. Manteuffel
      Pages 459-502
  4. Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Relation to Specific Plant Physiological Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 503-503
    2. K. Müntz
      Pages 505-558
    3. J. L. Stoddart, H. Thomas
      Pages 592-636

About this book

Introduction

D. BOULTER and B. PARTHIER At the time of the former edition of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, approximately 25 years ago, no complete plant protein amino acid sequences or nucleic acid sequences had been determined. Although the structure of DNA and its function as the genetic material had just been reported, little detail was known of the mechanism of its action, and D. G. CATCHSIDE was to write in the first chapter of the first volume of the Encyclopedia: "There is a consider­ able body of evidence that the gene acts as a unit of physiological action through the control of individual enzymes". No cell-free transcription and pro­ tein-synthesizing systems were available and the whole range of powerful meth­ ods of recombinant DNA technology was still to be developed. Today for the first time with plant systems, it is possible not only to describe their molecular biology but also to manipulate it, i. e. , to move from a description to a technological phase. The properties of living systems are inscribed by those of the proteins and nucleic acids which they synthesize. Proteins, due to their very large size, occur as macromolecules in colloidal solution or associated in supra-molecular colloi­ dal form. The colloidal state confers low thermal conductivity, low diffusion coefficients and high viscosity, properties which buffer a biological system from the effects of a changing environment. Biological systems not only have great stability, but also the capacity to reproduce.

Keywords

Acids DNA Plant physiology Protein amino acid biology enzyme enzymes gene molecular biology nucleic acid physiology plant proteins transcription

Editors and affiliations

  • Donald Boulter
    • 1
  • Benno Parthier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Botany Science LaboratoriesUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  2. 2.Institut für Biochemie der Pflanzen HalleAkademie der Wissenschaften der DDRHalle (Saale)Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-68237-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-68239-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-68237-7
  • About this book