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Transport in Plants II

Part B Tissues and Organs

  • U. Lüttge
  • M. G. Pitman

Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 2 / B)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Pathways of Transport in Tissues

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. A. Läuchli
      Pages 3-34
    3. R. M. Spanswick
      Pages 35-53
  3. Particular Tissue Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 55-55
    2. M. G. Pitman, W. P. Anderson, U. Lüttge, E. Epstein
      Pages 57-156
    3. U. Lüttge, M. G. Pitman, W. D. Jeschke, T. C. Hsiao
      Pages 157-221
    4. U. Lüttge, M. G. Pitman, A. E. Hill, B. S. Hill, E. Schnepf
      Pages 222-277
  4. Control and Regulation of Transport in Tissues and Integration in Whole Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 305-305
    2. R. F. M. Van Steveninck
      Pages 307-342
    3. R. F. M. Van Steveninck
      Pages 343-371
    4. A. Läuchli
      Pages 372-393
    5. J. F. Sutcliffe
      Pages 394-417
    6. M. G. Pitman, U. Lüttge
      Pages 418-419
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 421-XXII

About this book

Introduction

In the first part (Part A) of this volume on transport, there was an emphasis on the processes occurring at the membranes bounding the cells. It was convenient to distinguish active and passive processes of transport across the membranes, and to recognize that certain transport processes may be regulated by internal factors in the cells such as cytoplasmic pH, concentrations of ions, of malate or of sugar in the vacuoles, or the hydrostatic pressure. Cells in tissues and organs show the same kinds of properties as individual cells, but in addition there can be cell to cell transport related to the organization of the tissue. Firstly cells within a tissue are separated from the external solutions by a diffusion path comprising parts of the cell walls and intercellular spaces; more generally this extra-cytoplasmic part of the tissue has been called the apoplasm. A similar term is "free space". Secondly, the anatomy of cells in tissues seems to allow some facilitated, local transport between cells in a symplasm. Entry into the symplast and subsequent transport in a symplasmic continuum seems to be privileged, in that ions may not have to mix with the bulk of the cytoplasm and can pass from cell to cell in particular cytoplasmic structures, plasmodesmata. In Chara plants, this kind of transport is found operating across the multi-cellular nodes as the main means of transport between the long internodal cells.

Keywords

Lysin Phytochrome Protein carbohydrates cell development membrane nitrogen nutrition plant polysaccharide proteins regulation transport water

Editors and affiliations

  • U. Lüttge
    • 1
  • M. G. Pitman
    • 2
  1. 1.Technische HochschuleBotanisches InstitutDarmstadtFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences (A 12)University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-66230-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-66232-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-66230-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site