Transport in Plants II

Part A Cells

  • U. Lüttge
  • M. G. Pitman

Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 2 / A)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVI
  2. Theoretical and Biophysical Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. N. A. Walker
      Pages 3-11
    3. J. Dainty
      Pages 12-35
    4. G. P. Findlay, A. B. Hope
      Pages 53-92
    5. N. A. Walker, M. G. Pitman
      Pages 93-126
  3. Particular Cell Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. J. A. Raven
      Pages 129-188
    3. D. H. Jennings
      Pages 189-228
    4. R. J. Poole
      Pages 229-248
  4. Regulation, Metabolism and Transport

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 249-249
    2. U. Lüttge, M. G. Pitman
      Pages 251-259
    3. F. A. Smith, J. A. Raven
      Pages 317-346
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 373-XXII

About this book

Introduction

As plant physiology increased steadily in the latter half of the 19th century, problems of absorption and transport of water and of mineral nutrients and problems of the passage of metabolites from one cell to another were investigated, especially in Germany. JUSTUS VON LIEBIG, who was born in Darmstadt in 1803, founded agricultural chemistry and developed the techniques of mineral nutrition in agricul­ ture during the 70 years of his life. The discovery of plasmolysis by NAGEL! (1851), the investigation of permeability problems of artificial membranes by TRAUBE (1867) and the classical work on osmosis by PFEFFER (1877) laid the foundations for our understanding of soluble substances and osmosis in cell growth and cell mechanisms. Since living membranes were responsible for controlling both water movement and the substances in solution, "permeability" became a major topic for investigation and speculation. The problems then discussed under that heading included passive permeation by diffusion, Donnan equilibrium adjustments, active transport processes and antagonism between ions. In that era, when organelle isolation by differential centrifugation was unknown and the electron microscope had not been invented, the number of cell membranes, their thickness and their composition, were matters for conjecture. The nature of cell surface membranes was deduced with remarkable accuracy from the reactions of cells to substances in solution. In 1895, OVERTON, in U. S. A. , published the hypothesis that membranes were probably lipid in nature because of the greater penetration by substances with higher fat solubility.

Keywords

Monosaccharide Protein amino acid carbon cell evolution growth metabolism nutrition physiology plant plant physiology regulation transport water

Editors and affiliations

  • U. Lüttge
    • 1
  • M. G. Pitman
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanisches InstitutTechnische HochschuleDarmstadtFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences (A12)University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-66227-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-66229-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-66227-0
  • About this book