About this book
Withering demonstrated 200 years ago in the year 1784 that "drop sy" could be successfully treated with foxglove extracts. This dis covery eventually led to the scientifically based treatment of heart failure with chemically defined digitalis glycosides. In Germany, particularly, the usefulness of this development was greatly exagger ated and often resulted in the indiscrimate use of digitalis for pa tients with coronary artery disease and its complications. Today, this type of drug intervention is used more sparingly. At the same time, other therapeutic concepts were introduced, particularly that of drug-induced diuresis and the concept of vasodilation. This book is the result of a systematic study of various therapeu tic approaches for the management of heart failure and includes clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects. For more than a de cade, various therapeutic modalities have been clinically evaluated in the setting of acute heart failure managed in the intensive care unit as well as chronic heart failure for inpatient and outpatient therapy. Experience has shown that in certain clinical situations, particu larly the management of acute disease, specific, individual drug in tervention is required and is based on the underlying etiology for heart failure. However, in chronic heart failure, long-term success can only be achieved by the rational combination of treatment mo dalities. The present text is aimed at providing the clinically and scientif ically oriented physician with the pathophysiologic and pharmaco logic background necessary to place into perspective the therapeutic efforts for the management of heart failure.
Renin-Angiotensin-System angiography arrhythmia artery circulation coronary artery disease drugs echocardiography embolism heart heart failure hemodynamics hypertension myocardial infarction physiology