The Bioclimatology of Frost

Its Occurrence, Impact and Protection

  • Jetse D. Kalma
  • Gregory P. Laughlin
  • Joseph M. Caprio
  • Paul J. C. Hamer

Part of the Advances in Bioclimatology book series (ADVS BIOCLIMAT., volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVII
  2. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 1-4
  3. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 5-12
  4. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 13-31
  5. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 32-43
  6. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 44-60
  7. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 61-65
  8. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 66-72
  9. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 73-82
  10. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 83-98
  11. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 99-108
  12. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 109-119
  13. Jetse D. Kalma, Gregory P. Laughlin, Joseph M. Caprio, Paul J. C. Hamer
    Pages 120-122
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 123-144

About this book

Introduction

The economic costs of frosts in agriculture and horticulture in many parts of the world can be very significant. Reports in the media include accounts on how frosts have devastated coffee crops in Brazil or in Papua New Guinea, and how frosts have seriously damaged the Florida citrus industry. Frost may cause losses in current harvests or a decline in future yields through more permanent damage to trees and bushes. Damaging frosts may occur as infrequent, short-term events with sub-zero temperatures or with unusually severe winter temperatures which extend over long periods. In this book we have aimed at providing a comprehensive review of recent advances in the area of frost research. The stimulus for writing this book has come from the recognition that there is a shortage of recent texts which deal exclusively with the bioclimatology of frost. Bioclimatology deals with the relations between climate and life and the present text is particularly concerned with the effects of low temperatures on plants. Our purpose has been to assist researchers, engineers, extension officers and students in understanding the physical aspects of frost occurrence and frost distribution as well as the biological and phenological aspects of frost damage and to provide an overview of direct and indirect methods of frost pro­ tection and prevention.

Keywords

Bioklimatologie Frost Klima Landwirtschaft Wetter agriculture climate temperature weather wheat

Authors and affiliations

  • Jetse D. Kalma
    • 1
  • Gregory P. Laughlin
    • 2
  • Joseph M. Caprio
    • 3
  • Paul J. C. Hamer
    • 4
  1. 1.Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research OrganizationDivision of Water ResourcesCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  4. 4.Information Engineering DivisionSilsoe Research InstituteSilsoe, BedfordGreat Britain

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-58132-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-53855-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-58132-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0942-5225
  • About this book