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  • Book
  • © 2014

Footprints in Micrometeorology and Ecology

  • First book on footprint topic

  • Models and application overview

  • Description of methods and models used to date

  • Includes supplementary material: sn.pub/extras

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eBook USD 89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-54545-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (9 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xix
  2. History and Definition

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 1-20
  3. Surface-Layer Properties and Parameterizations

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 21-70
  4. Classification of Footprint Models

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 71-102
  5. Footprint Studies

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 103-144
  6. Model Validation

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 145-158
  7. Land Surface: Coupled Footprints

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 159-170
  8. Application of Footprint Models to Different Measurement Techniques

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 171-197
  9. Practical Applications of Footprint Techniques

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 199-224
  10. Looking Forward to the Next Generation of Footprint Models

    • Monique Y. Leclerc, Thomas Foken
    Pages 225-229
  11. Back Matter

    Pages 231-239

About this book

How to interpret meteorological measurements made at a given level over a surface with regard to characteristic properties such as roughness, albedo, heat, moisture, carbon dioxide, and other gases is an old question which goes back to the very beginnings of modern micrometeorology. It is made even more challenging when it is unclear whether these measurements are only valid for this point/region and precisely describe the conditions there, or if they are also influenced by surrounding areas. After 50 years of field experiments, it has become both apparent and problematic that meteorological measurements are influenced from surfaces on the windward side. As such, extending these measurements for inhomogeneous experimental sites requires a quantitative understanding of these influences. When combined with atmospheric transport models similar to air pollution models, the ‘footprint’ concept – a fundamental approach introduced roughly 20 years ago – provides us with information on whether or not the condition of upwind site homogeneity is fulfilled. Since these first models, the development of more scientifically based versions, validation experiments and applications has advanced rapidly. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of these developments, to analyze present deficits, to describe applications and to advance this topic at the forefront of micrometeorological research.  

Keywords

  • Atmospheric Flux Measurements
  • Environmental Modeling
  • Geoecology
  • Lagrangian Modeling
  • Meteorology
  • Stochastics

Authors and Affiliations

  • University of Georgia Lab. Environmental Physics, Griffin, USA

    Monique Y. Leclerc

  • Abteilung Mikrometeorologie, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

    Thomas Foken

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-54545-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)