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Microbial and Enzymatic Degradation of Wood and Wood Components

  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
  • Robert A. Blanchette
  • Paul Ander

Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-IX
  2. Karl-Erik L. Eriksson, Robert A. Blanchette, Paul Ander
    Pages 1-87
  3. Karl-Erik L. Eriksson, Robert A. Blanchette, Paul Ander
    Pages 89-180
  4. Karl-Erik L. Eriksson, Robert A. Blanchette, Paul Ander
    Pages 181-224
  5. Karl-Erik L. Eriksson, Robert A. Blanchette, Paul Ander
    Pages 225-333
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 335-407

About this book

Introduction

The oil crisis during the 1970s turned interest towards the utilization of renewable resources and towards lignocellulosics in particular. The 1970s were also the cradle period of biotechnology, and the years when biotechnical utilization of lignocellulosic waste from agriculture and forestry gained priori­ ty. This was a logical conclusion since one of nature's most important biologi­ cal reactions is the conversion of wood and other lignocellulosic materials to carbon dioxide, water and humic substances. However, while biotechnology in other areas like medicine and pharmacology concerned production of expen­ sive products on a small scale, biotechnical utilization and conversion of ligno­ cellulosics meant production of inexpensive products on a large scale. Biotechnical utilization of lignocellulosic materials is therefore a very difficult task, and the commercial utilization of this technology has not progressed as rapidly as one would have desired. One reason for this was the lack of basic knowledge of enzyme mechanisms involved in the degradation and conversion of wood, other lignocellulosics and their individual components. There are also risks associated with initiating a technical development before a stable platform of knowledge is available. Several of the projects started with en­ thusiasm have therefore suffered some loss of interest. Also contributing to this failing interest is the fact that the oil crisis at the time was not a real one. At present, nobody predicts a rapid exhaustion of the oil resources and fuel production from lignocellulosics is no longer a high priority.

Keywords

Abbauenzyme Hemicellulose Holzabbau bacteria biotechnology cellulose degrading enzymes enzymes fungi lignin microorganism synthesis wood wood degradation

Authors and affiliations

  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
    • 1
  • Robert A. Blanchette
    • 2
  • Paul Ander
    • 3
  1. 1.Franklin College of Arts & Sciences, Department of BiochemistryThe University of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA
  3. 3.Swedish Pulp and Paper Research InstituteSTFIStockholmSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-46687-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-46689-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-46687-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8563
  • Buy this book on publisher's site