Computing Nature

Turing Centenary Perspective

  • Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
  • Raffaela Giovagnoli

Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 7)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-6
  2. Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic, Raffaela Giovagnoli
    Pages 1-22
  3. Ron Cottam, Willy Ranson, Roger Vounckx
    Pages 23-60
  4. Gianfranco Basti
    Pages 139-159
  5. Raffaela Giovagnoli
    Pages 161-169
  6. Veronica E. Arriola-Rios, Zoe P. Demery, Jeremy Wyatt, Aaron Sloman, Jackie Chappell
    Pages 171-184
  7. Alberto Hernández-Espinosa, Francisco Hernández-Quiroz
    Pages 225-233
  8. Francisco Hernández-Quiroz, Pablo Padilla
    Pages 235-240
  9. S. Barry Cooper
    Pages 255-269
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 271-272

About this book

Introduction

This book is about nature considered as the totality of physical existence, the universe, and our present day attempts to understand it. If we see the universe as a network of networks of computational processes at many different levels of organization, what can we learn about physics, biology, cognition, social systems, and ecology expressed through interacting networks of elementary particles, atoms, molecules, cells, (and especially neurons when it comes to understanding of cognition and intelligence), organs, organisms and their ecologies?

Regarding our computational models of natural phenomena Feynman famously wondered: “Why should it take an infinite amount of logic to figure out what one tiny piece of space/time is going to do?” Phenomena themselves occur so quickly and automatically in nature. Can we learn how to harness nature’s computational power as we harness its energy and materials?

This volume includes a selection of contributions from the Symposium on Natural Computing/Unconventional Computing and Its Philosophical Significance, organized during the AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, held in Birmingham, UK, on July 2-6, on the occasion of the centenary of Alan Turing’s birth. In this book, leading researchers investigated questions of computing nature by exploring various facets of computation as we find it in nature: relationships between different levels of computation, cognition with learning and intelligence, mathematical background, relationships to classical Turing computation and Turing’s ideas about computing nature - unorganized machines and morphogenesis. It addresses questions of information, representation and computation, interaction as communication, concurrency and agent models; in short this book presents natural computing and unconventional computing as extension of the idea of computation as symbol manipulation.

Keywords

Artificial intelligence Cognitive agents Interactive computation Morphological computing Natural Computing Physical computing and embodiment Representation in humans, animals or machines and connectionism Unconventional Computing

Editors and affiliations

  • Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
    • 1
  • Raffaela Giovagnoli
    • 2
  1. 1., School of Innovation, Design and Eng.Mälardalen UniversityVästeråsSweden
  2. 2., Faculty of PhilosophyPontifical Lateran UniversityVatican CityItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37225-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-37224-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-37225-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2192-6255
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-6263
  • About this book