Preventive Biomechanics

Optimizing Support Systems for the Human Body in the Lying and Sitting Position

  • Gerhard Silber
  • Christophe Then

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 1-6
  3. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 7-10
  4. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 11-150
  5. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 151-174
  6. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 175-244
  7. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 245-287
  8. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 289-350
  9. Gerhard Silber, Christophe Then
    Pages 351-357
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 359-372

About this book


How can we optimize a bedridden patient’s mattress? How can we make a passenger seat on a long distance flight or ride more comfortable? What qualities should a runner’s shoes have? To objectively address such questions using engineering and scientific methods, adequate virtual human body models for use in computer simulation of loading scenarios are required. The authors have developed a novel method incorporating subject studies, magnetic resonance imaging, 3D-CAD-reconstruction, continuum mechanics, material theory and the finite element method. The focus is laid upon the mechanical in vivo-characterization of human soft tissue, which is indispensable for simulating its mechanical interaction with, for example, medical bedding or automotive and airplane seating systems. Using the examples of arbitrary body support systems, the presented approach provides visual insight into simulated internal mechanical body tissue stress and strain, with the goal of biomechanical optimization of body support systems. This book is intended for engineers, manufacturers and physicians and also provides students with guidance in solving problems related to support system optimization.


BOSS-procedure Bio Engineering Biomechanics Body Optimization System Body Simulation System FEM Fluids Health Care Human Soft Tissue Material Science Optical Imaging (MRI, CRT) Orthetic Prothetic Simulation Solids Stents

Authors and affiliations

  • Gerhard Silber
    • 1
  • Christophe Then
    • 2
  1. 1.Inst. MaterialwissenschaftenFH FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Inst. MaterialwissenschaftenFH FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany

Bibliographic information