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Characterizing Consciousness: From Cognition to the Clinic?

  • Stanislas Dehaene
  • Yves Christen

Part of the Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences book series (NEUROSCIENCE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Michael N. Shadlen, Roozbeh Kiani
    Pages 27-46
  3. Antonio Damasio
    Pages 47-54
  4. Camille Chatelle, Steven Laureys, Caroline Schnakers
    Pages 85-98
  5. Marcus E. Raichle
    Pages 147-160
  6. Mathias Pessiglione
    Pages 175-190
  7. E. A. Fridman, M. Desmurget, A. Sirigu
    Pages 191-198
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 199-202

About this book

Introduction

Characterizing the computational architecture and neurobiological mechanisms underlying consciousness is a major unsolved problem in cognitive neuroscience. Yet, thanks to new advances in stimulation paradigms, brain imaging techniques, and neuronal theorizing, the issue now appears to be empirically addressable. In this book thirteen renowned neuroscientists and clinicians examined the most recent data in the field including the possibility to study consciousness in non-human primates. New paradigms now ask whether animals possess meta-cognitive abilities, such as a self-monitoring of their competence in a task, and electrophysiologists now examine the underlying neuronal networks. Many of these results appear compatible with the theory of a global neuronal workspace, which proposes that a distributed set of neurons with long-distance axons are involved in the global information broadcasting underlying reportability and what is experienced as a conscious state.

 

A major challenge still confronts these novel empirical and theoretical proposals: will they be able to help clinicians confronted with patients in coma or vegetative state? Is a given patient conscious? Will he ever recover consciousness? And what will be his cognitive state if he does? Brain stimulation paradigms, whether cortical or in deep-brain nuclei, can alter the state of consciousness and may improve communication in some 'minimally conscious' patients.

 

 

Keywords

evolution of language intrinsic activity motor intention movement awareness neuroimaging signals neuronal architectures neuronal synchronization selective attentional processing

Editors and affiliations

  • Stanislas Dehaene
    • 1
  • Yves Christen
    • 2
  1. 1.Unité INSERM-CEA Cognitive NeuroimagingGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Fondation IpsenBoulogne-BillancourtFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18015-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-18014-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-18015-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0945-6082
  • Buy this book on publisher's site