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Abductive Cognition

The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning

  • Lorenzo Magnani

Part of the Cognitive Systems Monographs book series (COSMOS, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
  2. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 1-61
  3. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 63-143
  4. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 145-217
  5. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 219-264
  6. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 265-316
  7. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 317-359
  8. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 361-416
  9. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 417-453
  10. Back Matter

About this book

Introduction

This volume explores abductive cognition, an important but, at least until the third quarter of the last century, neglected topic in cognition. The book aims at increasing knowledge about creative and expert inferences. The study of these high-levelmethods of abductive reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philosophy, logic, epistemology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, animal cognition and evolutionary theories; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. Philosophers of science in the twentieth century have traditionally distinguished between the inferential processes active in the logic of discovery and the ones active in the logic of justification. Most have concluded that no logic of creative processes exists and, moreover, that a rational model of discovery is impossible. In short, scientific creative inferences are irrational and there is no “reasoning” to hypotheses. On the other hand, some research in the area of artificial intelligence has shown that methods for discovery could be found that are computationally adequate for rediscovering – or discovering for the first time – empirical or theoretical laws and theorems.

Keywords

Cognitive Psychology agents artificial intelligence cognition epistemology evolution knowledge

Authors and affiliations

  • Lorenzo Magnani
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di FilosofiaUniversitá di PaviaPaviaItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03631-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-03630-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-03631-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1867-4925
  • Series Online ISSN 1867-4933
  • Buy this book on publisher's site