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Seawater Desalination

Conventional and Renewable Energy Processes

  • Giorgio Micale
  • Lucio Rizzuti
  • Andrea Cipollina

Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Giorgio Micale, Andrea Cipollina, Lucio Rizzuti
    Pages 1-15
  3. Hisham Ettouney
    Pages 17-40
  4. Efrem Curcio, Enrico Drioli
    Pages 41-75
  5. Hisham Ettouney, Mark Wilf
    Pages 77-107
  6. B.M. Misra, I. Khamis
    Pages 109-129
  7. M.T. Chaibi, Ali M. El-Nashar
    Pages 131-163
  8. Joachim Koschikowski, Marcel Wieghaus, Matthias Rommel
    Pages 165-187
  9. Jürgen Rheinländer, Dieter Geyer
    Pages 189-211
  10. Eftihia Tzen
    Pages 213-245
  11. Michael Papapetrou, Essam Sh. Mohamed, Dimitris Manolakos, George Papadakis, Vicente J. Subiela, Baltasar Peñate
    Pages 247-272
  12. Sabine Lattemann
    Pages 273-299
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 299-303

About this book

Introduction

A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes.
 
The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential.  It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater.
 
The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity.
 
A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Keywords

Desalination and Environment Fresh water Industrial Desalination plants Membrane Desalination Nuclear Desalination Renewable Energy Desalination Thermal Desalination Water supply Wind

Editors and affiliations

  • Giorgio Micale
    • 1
  • Lucio Rizzuti
    • 2
  • Andrea Cipollina
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipto. Ingegneria Chimica deiUniversità PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Dipto. Ingegneria Chimica deiUniversità PalermoPalermoItaly
  3. 3.Dipto. Ingegneria Chimica deiUniversità PalermoPalermoItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-01150-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-01149-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-01150-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1865-3529
  • Series Online ISSN 1865-3537
  • Buy this book on publisher's site