The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

  • Igor S. Zonn
  • Michael H. Glantz
  • Andrey G. Kostianoy
  • Aleksey N. Kosarev

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-5
  2. A
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 7-48
  3. B
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 49-64
  4. C
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 65-78
  5. D
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 79-90
  6. E
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 91-93
  7. F
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 95-98
  8. G
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 99-104
  9. H
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 105-116
  10. I
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 117-128
  11. J
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 129-130
  12. K
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 131-145
  13. L
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 147-148
  14. M
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 149-159
  15. N
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 161-161
  16. O
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 163-164
  17. P
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 165-176
  18. R
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 177-196
  19. S
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 197-213
  20. T
    Igor S. Zonn, Michael H. Glantz, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev
    Pages 215-224

About this book

Introduction

The situation of the Aral Sea is known as one of the worst man-made environmental crises of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Many have seen the satellite photos evidencing the startling shrinkage and deterioration of the sea, as it was a few decades ago and how it appears today. Whereas the Aral Sea was the world’s fourth-largest inland body of water in 1960, it has now shrunk to a small fraction of that within three increasingly saline and polluted parts, primarily due to the diversion of waters for agricultural irrigation. The Aral Sea Encyclopedia is devoted to the remarkable phenomenon of the possibility of Aral Sea’s imminent disappearance from the Earth in the time span of a single human generation.

It first describes the sea before it started drying-out, and then the actions and efforts of the Central Asian countries, as well as the international community, to mitigate the socioeconomic and environmental hazards caused by this desiccation and increasing salinity. This comprehensive reference not only addresses the key environmental issues and presents national and international programs. It also documents the history of the related research studies, the involvement of prominent historical figures, and the chronology of events over three centuries, which became the milestones in the economic development of the Aral Sea and its subsequent diminution.

The publication of the Aral Sea Encyclopedia initiates a group of similar valuable references that gather multi-disciplinary perspectives on the world's seas, including planned volumes on the Caspian and Black Seas and the Sea of Japan.

Keywords

Seen desertification disasters ecology environment fishery water resources

Authors and affiliations

  • Igor S. Zonn
    • 1
  • Michael H. Glantz
    • 2
  • Andrey G. Kostianoy
    • 3
  • Aleksey N. Kosarev
    • 4
  1. 1.Engineering Scientific Production Center for Water EconomyReclamation & Ecology BaumanskayaMoskvaRussia
  2. 2.Consortium for Capacity BuildingUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoskvaRussia
  4. 4.Faculty of Geography Dept. OceanologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityVorobievy GoryRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85088-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-85086-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-85088-5
  • About this book