Quantum Kinetics in Transport and Optics of Semiconductors

  • Hartmut Haug
  • Antti-Pekka Jauho

Part of the Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 123)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIX
  2. Introduction to Kinetics and Many-Body Theory

  3. Nonequilibrium Many-Body Theory

  4. Quantum Transport in Semiconductors

  5. Theory of Ultrafast Kinetics in Laser-Excited Semiconductors

About this book

Introduction

Nanoscale miniaturization and femtosecond laser-pulse spectroscopy require a quantum mechanical description of the carrier kinetics that goes beyond the conventional Boltzmann theory. On these extremely short length and time scales the electrons behave like partially coherent waves. This monograph deals with quantum kinetics for transport in low-dimensional microstructures and for ultra-short laser pulse spectroscopy. The nonequilibrium Green function theory is described and used for the derivation of the quantum kinetic equations. Numerical methods for the solution of the retarded quantum kinetic equations are discussed and results are presented for high-field transport and for mesoscopic transport phenomena. Quantum beats, polarization decay, and non-Markovian behaviour are treated for femtosecond spectroscopy on a microscopic basis.

Since the publishing of the first edition in 1996 the nonequilibrium Green function technique has been applied to a large number of new research topics, and the revised edition introduces the reader to some of these areas, such as molecular electronics, noise calculations, build-up of screening and polaron correlations, and non-Markovian relaxation, among others. Connection to recent experiments is made, and it is emphasized how the quantum kinetic theory is essential in their interpretation.

Keywords

Absorption Laser Optics Semiconductor distribution electronics many-body theory spectroscopy

Authors and affiliations

  • Hartmut Haug
    • 1
  • Antti-Pekka Jauho
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikJ.W. Goethe UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Department of Micro and Nanotechnology (MIC)Technical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-73564-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-73561-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-73564-9
  • Series Print ISSN 0171-1873
  • About this book