# Irreversible Phenomena

## Ignitions, Combustion and Detonation Waves

• Kunio Terao
Book

1. Front Matter
Pages i-x
2. Pages 1-2
3. Pages 3-16
4. Pages 17-26
5. Pages 27-43
6. Pages 45-55
7. Pages 57-98
8. Pages 99-112
9. Pages 113-136
10. Pages 137-185
11. Pages 223-305
12. Pages 307-387
13. Back Matter
Pages 389-409

### Introduction

Ideals are simple and able to be easily understood, but never exist in reality. In this book a theory based on the second law of thermodynamics and its applications are described. In thermodynamics there is a concept of an ideal gas which satisfies a mathematical formula PV = RT. This formula can appro- mately be applied to the real gas, so far as the gas has not an especially high pressure and low temperature. In connection with the second law of thermo- namics there is also a concept of reversible and irreversible processes. The reversible process is a phenomenon proceeding at an infinitely low velocity, while the irreversible process is that proceeding with a finite velocity. Such a process with an infinitely slow velocity can really never take place, and all processes observed are always irreversible, therefore, the reversible process is an ideal process, while the irreversible process is a real process. According to the first law of thermodynamics the energy increase dU of the thermodynamic system is a sum of the heat dQ added to the system and work dW done in the system. Practically, however, the mathematical formula of the law is often expressed by the equation , or some similar equations derived from this formula, is applied to many phenomena. Such formulae are, however, th- retically only applicable to phenomena proceeding at an infinitely low velocity, that is, reversible processes or ideal processes.

### Keywords

Detonation Ignition Irreversible Processes Shockwaves combustion phase Transition thermodynamics

#### Authors and affiliations

• Kunio Terao
• 1
1. 1.Tsuruga-okaYokosukaJapan

### Bibliographic information

• DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-49901-5
• Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007
• Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
• eBook Packages Engineering
• Print ISBN 978-3-540-49900-8
• Online ISBN 978-3-540-49901-5
• Buy this book on publisher's site