Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

  • Y. Kamide
  • A. Chian

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-14
  2. An Overview of the Solar–Terrestrial Environment

  3. The Sun

  4. The Earth

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Pages 155-188
    3. Pages 189-220
    4. Pages 221-245
  5. Space Plasmas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 247-247
    2. Pages 249-278
    3. Pages 279-310
  6. Processes in the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 331-331
    2. Pages 333-354
    3. Pages 355-374
    4. Pages 375-395

About this book

Introduction

As a star in the universe, the Sun is constantly releas- cover a wide range of time and spatial scales, making ?? ing energy into space, as much as ?. ? ?? erg/s. Tis observations in the solar-terrestrial environment c- energy emission basically consists of three modes. Te plicated and the understanding of processes di?cult. ?rst mode of solar energy is the so-called blackbody ra- In the early days, the phenomena in each plasma diation, commonly known as sunlight, and the second region were studied separately, but with the progress mode of solar electromagnetic emission, such as X rays of research, we realized the importance of treating and UV radiation, is mostly absorbed above the Earth’s the whole chain of processes as an entity because of stratosphere. Te third mode of solar energy emission is strong interactions between various regions within in the form of particles having a wide range of energies the solar-terrestrial system. On the basis of extensive from less than ? keV to more than ? GeV. It is convenient satellite observations and computer simulations over to group these particles into lower-energy particles and thepasttwo decades, it hasbecomepossibleto analyze higher-energy particles, which are referred to as the so- speci?cally the close coupling of di?erent regions in the lar wind and solar cosmic rays, respectively. solar-terrestrial environment.

Keywords

Climatology Storm Weather Wind comets earth magnetosphere geomagnetic storms magnetic reconnection solar physics solar wind space plasmas space science space weather

Editors and affiliations

  • Y. Kamide
    • 1
  • A. Chian
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for Sustainable HumanosphereKyoto UniversityUjiJapan
  2. 2.National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and World Institute for Space Environment Research (WISER)São José dos Campos-SPBrazil

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-46315-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-46314-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-46315-3
  • About this book