Regional Externalities

  • Wim Heijman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Regional Externalities: an Introduction

  3. Transport

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Morten Marott Larsen, Bjarne Madsen, Chris Jensen-Butler
      Pages 11-45
    3. Pierre v. Mouche, Willem Pijnappel, Jan Rouwendal
      Pages 71-89
    4. Catharinus F. Jaarsma, Wim Heijman
      Pages 91-105
  4. Clusters and Product Chains

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 107-107
    2. Jana Gašparíková, Edita Nemcová, Michal Páleník
      Pages 109-130
    3. Vytautas Snieška, Regina Virvilaitė, Vaida Kvainauskaitė, Bronius Neverauskas, Rimantas Gatautis, Aistė Dovalienė
      Pages 149-172
    4. Kees Burger, Rein Haagsma
      Pages 173-196
    5. Roel Rutten, Frans Boekema
      Pages 197-221
  5. Regional Policy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 243-243
    2. Václav Beran, Petr Dlask
      Pages 255-286
    3. Steinar Johansen
      Pages 287-306
    4. Pablo C. Benítez, Ian McCallum, Michael Obersteiner, Yoshiki Yamagata
      Pages 307-321

About this book

Introduction

Wim Heijman Wageningen University, The Netherlands, E-mail: wim. heijman@wur. nl Generally speaking, externalities occur when a decision causes uncomp- sated costs or benefits to individuals or groups other than the person(s) making the decision. Examples of negative externalities are numerous in the area of the environment and natural resources. Some negative extern- ities result because a particular type of manufacturing technology is used (e. g. water and air pollution caused by industry). Other negative extern- ities occur because of the transportation system (e. g. air pollution caused by intensive car traffic). Though positive externalities draw less attention than negative externalities, their existence is obvious, for example, b- keepers who provide unpaid pollination services for nearby fruit growers or the positive network effects of a telephone system. The more people who own a telephone, the more useful the device is for each owner (Boardman et al. , 2001). From a social planner’s perspective, the existence of externalities - sults in an economic process outcome that is not socially optimal because marginal costs of the product involved do not equal its price. This implies that, in a well functioning market economy, negative externalities cause too much of a product to be produced, whereas positive externalities cause too little of a product to be produced.

Keywords

Information Technology (IT) Outsourcing cluster environment externalities mobility regional economics regional policy space traffic transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Wim Heijman
    • 1
  1. 1.Wageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-35484-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-35483-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-35484-0
  • About this book