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  • © 2019

Norwegian Shipping in the 20th Century

Norway's Successful Navigation of the World's Most Global Industry

Palgrave Macmillan


(view affiliations)
  • Brings the success of the Norwegian shipping industry to an international audience for the first time

  • Explains the importance of the shipping industry for the economic development and sustainabilty of Norway

  • Utilises both economic history and business history to present a fully rounded account

Part of the book series: Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics (PSME)

Buying options

Hardcover Book
USD 31.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiii
  2. A Brief Introduction to Norwegian Shipping

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 1-20Open Access
  3. The First World War: The Neutral Ally

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 63-89Open Access
  4. The Second World War

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 133-158Open Access
  5. The Shipping Crisis

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 195-230Open Access
  6. Rebound: The Return of Norwegian Shipping

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 231-257Open Access
  7. Onshore and Offshore: The New Maritime Norway

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 259-274Open Access
  8. Epilogue: A Century of Norwegian Shipping

    • Stig Tenold
    Pages 275-310Open Access
  9. Back Matter

    Pages 311-327

About this book

This book is open access under a CC BY NC ND 4.0 license.

 This open access book discusses how Norwegian shipping companies played a crucial role in global shipping markets in the 20th century, at times transporting more than ten per cent of world seaborne trade. Chapters explore how Norway managed to remain competitive, despite being a high labour-cost country in an industry with global competition. Among the features that are emphasised are market developments, business strategies and political decisions

The Norwegian experience was shaped by the main breaking points in 20th century world history, such as the two world wars, and by long-term trends, such as globalization and liberalization. The shipping companies introduced technological and organizational innovations to build or maintain a competitive advantage in a rapidly changing world.

 The growing importance of offshore petroleum exploration in the North Sea from the 1970s was both a threat and an opportunity to the shipping companies. By adapting both business strategies and the political regime to the new circumstances, the Norwegian shipping sector managed to maintain a leading position internationally.


  • maritime economics
  • Norwegian shipping industry
  • maritime history
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Shipping during the Golden Age
  • Shipping crisis
  • The Norwegian International Ship Register
  • Open access

Authors and Affiliations

  • Department of Economics, NHH – Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norway

    Stig Tenold

About the authors

Stig Tenold is Professor of Economic History at NHH – The Norwegian School of Economics in Bergen. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of the two leading maritime history journals – The International Journal of Maritime History and Mariner's Mirror – and one of three editors of the book series Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Norwegian Shipping in the 20th Century

  • Book Subtitle: Norway's Successful Navigation of the World's Most Global Industry

  • Authors: Stig Tenold

  • Series Title: Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Cham

  • eBook Packages: Economics and Finance, Economics and Finance (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019

  • License: CC BY-NC-ND

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-319-95638-1

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-95639-8

  • Series ISSN: 2662-6551

  • Series E-ISSN: 2662-656X

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIII, 327

  • Number of Illustrations: 3 b/w illustrations, 16 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Maritime Economics

Buying options

Hardcover Book
USD 31.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)