© 2019

Hardware Accelerators in Data Centers

  • Christoforos Kachris
  • Babak Falsafi
  • Dimitrios Soudris

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Christoforos Kachris, Babak Falsafi, Dimitrios Soudris
    Pages 1-7
  3. Naif Tarafdar, Thomas Lin, Daniel Ly-Ma, Daniel Rozhko, Alberto Leon-Garcia, Paul Chow
    Pages 9-33
  4. Nikolaos Alachiotis, Andreas Andronikakis, Orion Papadakis, Dimitris Theodoropoulos, Dionisios Pnevmatikatos, Dimitris Syrivelis et al.
    Pages 35-56
  5. A. Scionti, O. Terzo, P. Ruiu, G. Giordanengo, S. Ciccia, G. Urlini et al.
    Pages 57-86
  6. Christoforos Kachris, Elias Koromilas, Ioannis Stamelos, Georgios Zervakis, Sotirios Xydis, Dimitrios Soudris
    Pages 87-107
  7. Ariel Oleksiak, Michal Kierzynka, Wojciech Piatek, Micha vor dem Berge, Wolfgang Christmann, Stefan Krupop et al.
    Pages 109-128
  8. Karim Djemame, Richard Kavanagh, Vasilios Kelefouras, Adrià Aguilà, Jorge Ejarque, Rosa M. Badia et al.
    Pages 129-148
  9. Kimon Karras, Orthodoxos Kipouridis, Nick Zotos, Evangelos Markakis, George Bogdos
    Pages 149-162
  10. Huanhuan Xiong, Christos Filelis-Papadopoulos, Dapeng Dong, Gabriel G. Castañé, Stefan Meyer, John P. Morrison
    Pages 163-180
  11. Tobias Kalb, Lester Kalms, Diana Göhringer, Carlota Pons, Ananya Muddukrishna, Magnus Jahre et al.
    Pages 181-197
  12. Konstantinos Georgopoulos, Iakovos Mavroidis, Luciano Lavagno, Ioannis Papaefstathiou, Konstantin Bakanov
    Pages 199-213
  13. Artemis C. Voulkidis, Terpsichori Helen Velivassaki, Theodore Zahariadis
    Pages 215-239
  14. Lev Mukhanov, Konstantinos Tovletoglou, Georgios Karakonstantis, George Papadimitriou, Athanasios Chatzidimitriou, Manolis Kaliorakis et al.
    Pages 241-271
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 273-279

About this book


This book provides readers with an overview of the architectures, programming frameworks, and hardware accelerators for typical cloud computing applications in data centers. The authors present the most recent and promising solutions, using hardware accelerators to provide high throughput, reduced latency and higher energy efficiency compared to current servers based on commodity processors. Readers will benefit from state-of-the-art information regarding application requirements in contemporary data centers, computational complexity of typical tasks in cloud computing, and a programming framework for the efficient utilization of the hardware accelerators.

  • Provides a single-source reference to the state of the art for hardware accelerators in data centers;
  • Describes integrated frameworks for the seamless deployment of hardware accelerators;
  • Includes several use-case scenarios of hardware accelerators for typical cloud computing applications, such as machine learning, graph computation, and databases.


Internet of Things Hardware accelerators for Machine learning Hardware accelerators for Neural Networks Hardware accelerators for Graph applications Hardware accelerators for Streaming applications

Editors and affiliations

  • Christoforos Kachris
    • 1
  • Babak Falsafi
    • 2
  • Dimitrios Soudris
    • 3
  1. 1.Microprocessors and Digital Systems LabNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.IC IINFCOM PARSAÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

About the editors

Christoforos Kachris is a Senior Research Associate at Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS) - National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) and assistant Professor at Democritus University of Thrace. From 2016 till 2019 he was the Technical Project Manager of VINEYARD EC-funded project that envisioned the adoption of FPGAs in the data centers for cloud computing applications and the emerging market of acceleration-as-a-service. Christoforos received his Ph.D. in computer engineering in 2007 from the Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands in 2008 and the diploma and the M.Sc. in Electronic and Computer Engineering from the Technical University of Crete, Greece in 2001 and 2003 respectively. In 2006 he was a research intern at Xilinx Research Labs, San Jose, CA, working at the Networks Group. From 2009 till 2010 he was a visiting lecturer at University of Crete and a visiting researcher at FORTH where he coordinated the Interconnects cluster of High Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers (HiPEAC). From 2010 till 2015 he was senior research associate at Athens Information Technology (AIT). He has more than 16 years of experience on development of hardware accelerators (FPGA, reconfigurable computing) and more than 8 years’ experience on technical project management of competitive European and National research projects (mainly for multi-million international European funder research projects).

Babak Falsafi is a Professor in the Computer & Communication Sciences department at Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL). He is the founding director of the EcoCloud research center targeting energy-efficient and environmentally friendly cloud technologies. His research interests are primarily centered around computer systems with emphasis on techniques for integration, specialization and approximation (ISA) to improve efficiency in datacenters, design for emerging technologies and design evaluation methodologies for servers.

Dimitrios Soudris received his Diploma in Electrical Engineering from the University of Patras, Greece, in 1987. He received the Ph.D. Degree in Electrical Engineering, from the University of Patras in 1992. He was working as a Professor in Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace for thirteen years since 1995. He is currently working as Associate Professor in School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Dept. Computer Science of National Technical University of Athens, Greece. His research interests include embedded systems design, reconfigurable architectures, reliability and low power VLSI design. He has published more than 340 papers in international journals and conferences. Also, he is coauthor/coeditor in seven books of Kluwer and Springer. He is leader and principal investigator in numerous research projects funded from the Greek Government and Industry, European Commission (ESPRIT II-III-IV and 5th & 7th IST), ENIAC-JU and European Space Agency. He has served as General Chair and Program Chair for PATMOS 99 and 2000, respectively, General Chair of IFIP-VLSI-SOC 2008 and General Co-Chair of PARMA Workshop 2013. Also, he received an award from INTEL and IBM for the EU project LPGD 25256, awards in ASP-DAC 05 and VLSI 05 for EU AMDREL project IST-2001-34379.

Bibliographic information


“The presented research includes discussions of the advantages, limitations, and scope of the proposed solutions. The references given at the end of every chapter offer scope for further reading. The presented work will enlighten readers about the ongoing research, tools and platforms used, available solutions, limitations, and underlying challenges; interested readers can use it to build their own research.” (Rinki Sharma, Computing Reviews, July 25, 2019)