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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2018

Bird Species

How They Arise, Modify and Vanish

  • Broadens our understanding of the bird species concept

  • Explains which factors influence bird diversity

  • Includes a glossary and additional info boxes for speciation specific terms

Part of the book series: Fascinating Life Sciences (FLS)

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (13 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xii
  2. Introduction: Studying Birds in Time and Space

    • Dieter Thomas Tietze
    Pages 1-7Open Access
  3. Studying Speciation: Genomic Essentials and Approaches

    • Daronja Trense, Dieter Thomas Tietze
    Pages 39-61Open Access
  4. Song: The Learned Language of Three Major Bird Clades

    • Martin Päckert
    Pages 75-94Open Access
  5. Timing Matters: Allochronic Contributions to Population Divergence

    • Barbara Helm, Robyn Womack
    Pages 95-107Open Access
  6. (Micro)evolutionary Changes and the Evolutionary Potential of Bird Migration

    • Miriam Liedvogel, Kira Delmore
    Pages 109-127Open Access
  7. Avian Diversity and Distributions and Their Evolution Through Space and Time

    • Manuel Schweizer, Yang Liu
    Pages 129-145Open Access
  8. Modeling Avian Distributions and Niches: Insights into Invasions and Speciation in Birds

    • Darius Stiels, Kathrin Schidelko
    Pages 147-164Open Access
  9. Climate Change Impacts on Bird Species

    • Sven Trautmann
    Pages 217-234Open Access
  10. Impact of Urbanization on Birds

    • Caroline Isaksson
    Pages 235-257Open Access
  11. Back Matter

    Pages 259-266

About this book

The average person can name more bird species than they think, but do we really know what a bird “species” is? This open access book takes up several fascinating aspects of bird life to elucidate this basic concept in biology. From genetic and physiological basics to the phenomena of bird song and bird migration, it analyzes various interactions of birds – with their environment and other birds. Lastly, it shows imminent threats to birds in the Anthropocene, the era of global human impact.

Although it seemed to be easy to define bird species, the advent of modern methods has challenged species definition and led to a multidisciplinary approach to classifying birds. One outstanding new toolbox comes with the more and more reasonably priced acquisition of whole-genome sequences that allow causative analyses of how bird species diversify.

Speciation has reached a final stage when daughter species are reproductively isolated, but this stage is not easily detectable from the phenotype we observe. Culturally transmitted traits such as bird song seem to speed up speciation processes, while another behavioral trait, migration, helps birds to find food resources, and also coincides with higher chances of reaching new, inhabitable areas. In general, distribution is a major key to understanding speciation in birds. Examples of ecological speciation can be found in birds, and the constant interaction of birds with their biotic environment also contributes to evolutionary changes. In the Anthropocene, birds are confronted with rapid changes that are highly threatening for some species. Climate change forces birds to move their ranges, but may also disrupt well-established interactions between climate, vegetation, and food sources.

This book brings together various disciplines involved in observing bird species come into existence, modify, and vanish. It is a rich resource for bird enthusiasts who want to understand various processes at the cutting edge of current research in more detail. At the same time it offers students the opportunity to see primarily unconnected, but booming big-data approaches such as genomics and biogeography meet in a topic of broad interest. Lastly, the book enables conservationists to better understand the uncertainties surrounding “species” as entities of protection.


  • Avian Speciation
  • Bird Diversification
  • Bird Migration
  • Bird Song
  • Evolutionary Ecology of Birds
  • Hybridization


“More than 40 tables and attractive illustrations help to enhance what many may find to be a difficult, highly advanced text, loaded with acronyms and graduate-level terminology, … Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, researchers, and professionals.” (H. T. Armistead, Choice, Vol. 56 (11), July, 2019)

Editors and Affiliations

  • Natural History Museum Basel, Basel, Switzerland

    Dieter Thomas Tietze

About the editor

Dieter Thomas Tietze studied the integrative taxonomy of passerine birds with Jochen Martens at Mainz University (doctoral scholarship from Villigst) and then broadened his focus at the Zoological Museum in Dresden (phylogeography), the University of Chicago (DFG research fellowship; community ecology and phylogeny of Himalayan passerine birds), and the Universities of Frankfurt am Main (historical biogeography, trait evolution) and Heidelberg (avian urban ecology, genomics). He has served on various conservation NGOs and the advisory board of the German Ornithologists’ Society (DO-G). He is currently Vertebrate Curator at the Natural History Museum in Basel.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Bird Species

  • Book Subtitle: How They Arise, Modify and Vanish

  • Editors: Dieter Thomas Tietze

  • Series Title: Fascinating Life Sciences

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-319-91688-0Published: 27 November 2018

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-91689-7Published: 19 November 2018

  • Series ISSN: 2509-6745

  • Series E-ISSN: 2509-6753

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XII, 266

  • Number of Illustrations: 4 b/w illustrations, 40 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Zoology, Animal Migration, Evolutionary Biology

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)