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Raw Materials for Future Energy Supply

  • Friedrich-W. Wellmer
  • Peter Buchholz
  • Jens Gutzmer
  • Christian Hagelüken
  • Peter Herzig
  • Ralf Littke
  • Rudolf K. Thauer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 1-3
  3. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 5-21
  4. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 23-105
  5. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 107-144
  6. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 145-168
  7. Friedrich-W. Wellmer, Peter Buchholz, Jens Gutzmer, Christian Hagelüken, Peter Herzig, Ralf Littke et al.
    Pages 169-177
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 179-225

About this book

Introduction

This is the first book that analyses the future raw materials supply from the demand side of a society that chiefly relies on renewable energies, which is of great significance for us all. It addresses primary and secondary resources and substitution, not only from technical but also socioeconomic and ethical points of view.

The “Energiewende” (Energy Transition) will change our consumption of natural resources significantly. When in future our energy requirements will be covered mostly by wind, solar power and biomass, we will need less coal, oil and natural gas. However, the consumption of minerals, especially metallic resources, will increase to build wind generators, solar panels or energy storage facilities. Besides e.g. copper, nickel or cobalt, rare earth elements and other high-tech elements will be increasingly used. With regard to primary metals, Germany is 100 % import dependent; only secondary material is produced within Germany. Though sufficient geological primary resources exist worldwide, their availability on the market is crucial. The future supply of the market is dependent on the development of prices, the transparency of the market and the question of social and ethical standards in the raw materials industry, as well as the social license to operate, which especially applies to mining. The book offers a valuable resource for everyone interested in the future raw material supply of our way of life, which will involve more and more renewable energies.

Keywords

Primary Resources Secondary Resources Raw Material Markets Exploration and Mining Recycling and Substitution Critical Raw Materials Bioenergy Minerals Supply and Demand Key Natural Resources Geological Energy Resources

Authors and affiliations

  • Friedrich-W. Wellmer
    • 1
  • Peter Buchholz
    • 2
  • Jens Gutzmer
    • 3
  • Christian Hagelüken
    • 4
  • Peter Herzig
    • 5
  • Ralf Littke
    • 6
  • Rudolf K. Thauer
    • 7
  1. 1.Academy of Geosciences and GeotechnologyHannoverGermany
  2. 2.German Mineral Resources Agency (DERA)Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)BerlinGermany
  3. 3.Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR)Helmholtz Institute for Resource Technology (HIF)FreibergGermany
  4. 4.Umicore AG & Co KGHanauGermany
  5. 5.GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean ResearchKielGermany
  6. 6.Faculty of Georesources and Materials EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  7. 7.Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial MicrobiologyMarburgGermany

Bibliographic information