© 2019

The Palgrave Handbook of Bottom-Up Urbanism

  • Mahyar Arefi
  • Conrad Kickert
  • Aims to bridge existing descriptions of bottom-up urbanisms

  • Bridges bottom-up initiatives in the Global North with informal urbanism, both in the Global North and Global South

  • Provides descriptions and manifestos that defend bottom-up initiatives

Palgrave Macmillan

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Conrad Kickert, Mahyar Arefi
    Pages 1-10
  3. Agency Versus Authority

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Hank Dittmar, Douglas S. Kelbaugh
      Pages 67-82
    3. Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Vinit Mukhija
      Pages 83-96
  4. Informalizing the Formal

  5. Formalizing the Informal

About this book


Who shapes our cities? In an age of increasing urban pluralism, globalization and immigration, decreasing public budgets, and an ongoing crisis of authority among designers and planners, the urban environment is shaped by a number of non-traditional stakeholders. The book surveys the kaleidoscope of views on the agency of urbanism, providing an overview of the various scholarly debates and territories that pertain to bottom-up efforts such as everyday urbanism, DIY urbanism, guerilla urbanism, tactical urbanism, and lean urbanism. Uniquely, this books seeks connections between the various movements by curating a range of views on the past, present, and future of bottom-up urbanism. The contributors also connect the recent trend of bottom-up efforts in the West with urban informality in the Global South, drawing parallels and finding contrast between social and institutional structures across the globe. The book appeals to urbanists in the widest sense of the word: those who shape, study, and improve our urban spaces. 


Urban Studies Urbanism Urban Planning Bottom-up Urbanism Community Development Guerilla Urbanism Urban Development Grassroots Development Urban Design Bottom-up Planning Revitalization Urban Resiliency

Editors and affiliations

  • Mahyar Arefi
    • 1
  • Conrad Kickert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Planning and Landscape ArchitectureUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

About the editors

Mahyar Arefi is Professor of Planning at the University of Texas at Arlington, USA. He received his PhD in Planning from the University of Southern California. His publications have appeared in edited volumes and peer-reviewed flagship journals. 

Conrad Kickert is Assistant Professor of Urban Design at the University of Cincinnati, USA. He has worked as an urban researcher and designer in The Netherlands, the UK, and the USA.

Bibliographic information