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Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning

A Framework

  • Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
  • Haneen Khreis

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction and Key Concepts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis
      Pages 3-16
    3. Garett Sansom, Kent E. Portney
      Pages 31-49
    4. Suzanne H. Crowhurst Lennard
      Pages 51-71
    5. Roderick J. Lawrence
      Pages 89-109
  3. Planning and Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 111-111
    2. Bianca Hermansen, Bettina Werner, Hilde Evensmo, Michela Nota
      Pages 113-133
    3. Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
      Pages 155-171
    4. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jeroen Bastiaanssen, Stephanie Sersli, E. Owen D. Waygood, Haneen Khreis
      Pages 199-219
    5. Marcus Grant
      Pages 221-250
  4. Accessibility and Mobility

  5. Environmental Exposures, Physical Activity and Health

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 345-345
    2. Billie Giles-Corti, Lucy Gunn, Paula Hooper, Claire Boulange, Belén Zapata Diomedi, Chris Pettit et al.
      Pages 347-381
    3. Paul Schepers, Gord Lovegrove, Marco Helbich
      Pages 383-408
    4. Payam Dadvand, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
      Pages 409-423
  6. Society and Participation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 499-499
    2. Carme Borrell, Mercè Gotsens, Ana M. Novoa
      Pages 515-534
    3. Muki Haklay, Irene Eleta
      Pages 563-580
  7. Health Impact Assessment and Policies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 581-581
    2. Haneen Khreis, Andrew Sudmant, Andy Gouldson, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
      Pages 583-608
    3. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda
      Pages 609-624
    4. David Rojas-Rueda
      Pages 625-640
    5. Marcus Grant, Adrian Davis
      Pages 655-681
    6. George Morris, Brigit Staatsen, Nina van der Vliet
      Pages 683-706
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 719-734

About this book

Introduction

This volume brings together the world’s leading experts on urban and transport planning, environmental exposures, physical activity, health and health impact assessment to discuss challenges and solutions in cities. The book provides a conceptual framework and work program for actions and outlines future research needs. It presents the current evidence-base, the benefits of and numerous case studies on integrating health and the environment into urban development and transport planning. Within cities there is a considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as ambient air pollution, noise, and temperature, green space availability and physical activity. Many of these exposures, and their adverse health impacts, are related to and are being exacerbated by urban and transport planning and policy. Emerging research suggests that urban and transport planning indicators such as road network, distance to major roads, traffic density, household density, industry, and natural and green space can explain a large proportion of the variability in environmental exposures and therefore represent important and highly modifiable factors.

The urban environment is a complex interlinked system. Decision-makers need not only better data on the complexity of factors in environmental and developmental processes affecting human health, but also an enhanced understanding of the linkages between these factors and health effects to determine at which level to target their actions most effectively. In recent years, there also has been a shift from trying to change at the national level to more comprehensive and ambitious actions being developed and implemented at the regional and local levels. Cities have come to the forefront of providing solutions for environmental issues such as climate change, which has co-benefits for health, but yet need better knowledge for wider health-centric action. This book provides the latest and most up-to-date information and studies for academics and practitioners alike.


Keywords

Urban environmental exposures Urban and transport planning Urban development Urban health Resilience Built environment and physical activity Green space in cities Social cohesion Health impact assessment of active transportation Informal settlements

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
    • 1
  • Haneen Khreis
    • 2
  1. 1.Barcelona Institute for Global HealthISGlobalBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Center for Advancing Research in Transportation Emissions, Energy, and HealthCollege StationUSA

Bibliographic information