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Automatic Syntactic Analysis Based on Selectional Preferences

  • Alexander Gelbukh
  • Hiram Calvo

Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 765)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 1-9
  3. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 11-27
  4. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 29-44
  5. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 45-54
  6. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 55-67
  7. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 69-83
  8. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 85-110
  9. Omar J. Gambino, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 111-124
  10. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 125-143
  11. Alexander Gelbukh, Hiram Calvo
    Pages 145-154
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 155-165

About this book

Introduction

This book describes effective methods for automatically analyzing a sentence, based on the syntactic and semantic characteristics of the elements that form it. To tackle ambiguities, the authors use selectional preferences (SP), which measure how well two words fit together semantically in a sentence. Today, many disciplines require automatic text analysis based on the syntactic and semantic characteristics of language and as such several techniques for parsing sentences have been proposed. Which is better? In this book the authors begin with simple heuristics before moving on to more complex methods that identify nouns and verbs and then aggregate modifiers, and lastly discuss methods that can handle complex subordinate and relative clauses. During this process, several ambiguities arise. SP are commonly determined on the basis of the association between a pair of words. However, in many cases, SP depend on more words. For example, something (such as grass) may be edible, depending on who is eating it (a cow?). Moreover, things such as popcorn are usually eaten at the movies, and not in a restaurant. The authors deal with these phenomena from different points of view.

Keywords

Computational Intelligence Computational Linguistics Automatic Syntactic Analysis Selectional Preferences Language Translation and Linguistics

Authors and affiliations

  • Alexander Gelbukh
    • 1
  • Hiram Calvo
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Computación (CIC)Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN)Mexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Computación (CIC)Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN)Mexico CityMexico

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74054-6
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-74053-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-74054-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1860-949X
  • Series Online ISSN 1860-9503
  • Buy this book on publisher's site