© 2019

Global Quality of Democracy as Innovation Enabler

Measuring Democracy for Success

Table of contents

About this book


This book assesses the interconnectedness of democracy and economic development. It concentrates on how to conceptualize and to measure democracy and quality of democracy in global comparison. The author makes the argument that a quality-of-democracy understanding based on sustainable development relates crucially with economic growth, but more so with economic development. The empirical macro-model focuses on approximately 151 countries and covers about a twelve-year period of 2002-2014, identifying the following basic dimensions as being relevant for further analysis: freedom, equality, control, sustainable development, and self-organization (political self-organization). Readers will appreciate the global perspective the work offers.


democracy development conceptualization of democracy economic development economic growth empirical measurement of democracy and quality of democracy equality freedom government/oppositions cycles global comparison person and party change of head of government political self-organization political left/right swings quality of democracy quadruple and quintuple helix innovation systems sustainable development

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Continuing Education Research and Educational Management, Center for Educational Management and Higher Education DevelopmentDanube University KremsKremsAustria

About the authors

David F. J. Campbell is a Lecturer and Privatdozent with the Department of Political Science at the University of Vienna, a Quality Enhancement Expert and Quality Researcher at the University of Applied Arts in Vienna, and a Researcher with the Alpen-Adria-University Klagenfurt and Danube University Krems. His articles on knowledge, innovation, knowledge economy and democracy (knowledge democracy and quality of democracy) have been published in several international journals.  

Bibliographic information


“This reviewer highly recommends reading this monograph to all fellow political scientists and students of democracy. Those who like digging into primary empirical data, playing with figures and appreciate the deductive way of reasoning, will be especially pleased with the book.” (Alexander Chvorostov, Democratization, Vol. 27 (5), 2020)

“David Campbell has been carrying out research on quality of democracy and its conception and measurement now for several years. … Through this approach, the author offers a new form of understanding of how de­mocracy should be measured in a meaningful way. … This global approach to democracy seems to be so urgently needed and necessary for our current debates on the state and status of democracy worldwide.” (Matthias Keppel, OZP - Austrian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 48 (2), 2019)