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Plato’s Socrates, Philosophy and Education

  • James M. Magrini

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)

Also part of the SpringerBriefs on Key Thinkers in Education book sub series (BRIEFSKEY)

About this book

Introduction

This book develops for the readers Plato’s Socrates’ non-formalized “philosophical practice” of learning-through-questioning in the company of others. In doing so, the writer confronts Plato’s Socrates, in the words of John Dewey, as the “dramatic, restless, cooperatively inquiring philosopher" of the dialogues, whose view of education and learning is unique: (1) It is focused on actively pursuing a form of philosophical understanding irreducible to truth of a propositional nature, which defies “transfer” from practitioner to pupil; (2) It embraces the perennial “on-the-wayness” of education and learning in that to interrogate the virtues, or the “good life,” through the practice of the dialectic, is to continually renew the quest for a deeper understanding of things by returning to, reevaluating and modifying the questions originally posed regarding the “good life.” Indeed Socratic philosophy is a life of questioning those aspects of existence that are most question-worthy; and (3) It accepts that learning is a process guided and structured by dialectic inquiry, and is already immanent within and possible only because of the unfolding of the process itself, i.e., learning is not a goal that somehow stands outside the dialectic as its end product, which indicates erroneously that the method or practice is disposable. For learning occurs only through continued, sustained communal dialogue.

Keywords

Socratic questioning Socratic learning Socratic method Ancient philosophy Paideia Phenomenology hermeneutics Socratic education

Authors and affiliations

  • James M. Magrini
    • 1
  1. 1.Western Philosophy and EthicsCollege of DuPageGlen EllynUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71356-4
  • Copyright Information The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Education
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-71355-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-71356-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-1921
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-193X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site