Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Embedded Observers, Reflexive Perception and Representation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Karl Svozil
      Pages 3-13 Open Access
    3. Karl Svozil
      Pages 15-16 Open Access
    4. Karl Svozil
      Pages 17-19 Open Access
    5. Karl Svozil
      Pages 21-22 Open Access
  3. Provable Unknowns

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
    2. Karl Svozil
      Pages 25-27 Open Access
    3. Karl Svozil
      Pages 29-33 Open Access
    4. Karl Svozil
      Pages 35-36 Open Access
    5. Karl Svozil
      Pages 37-38 Open Access
    6. Karl Svozil
      Pages 39-44 Open Access
  4. Quantum Unknowns

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 45-45
    2. Karl Svozil
      Pages 47-49 Open Access
    3. Karl Svozil
      Pages 51-57 Open Access
    4. Karl Svozil
      Pages 59-122 Open Access
    5. Karl Svozil
      Pages 123-125 Open Access
    6. Karl Svozil
      Pages 127-128 Open Access
    7. Karl Svozil
      Pages 129-129 Open Access
  5. Exotic Unknowns

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131

About this book

Introduction

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

This book addresses the physical phenomenon of events that seem to occur spontaneously and without any known cause. These are to be contrasted with events that happen in a (pre-)determined, predictable, lawful, and causal way.

All our knowledge is based on self-reflexive theorizing, as well as on operational means of empirical perception. Some of the questions that arise are the following: are these limitations reflected by our models? Under what circumstances does chance kick in? Is chance in physics merely epistemic? In other words, do we simply not know enough, or use too crude levels of description for our predictions? Or are certain events "truly", that is, irreducibly, random?

The book tries to answer some of these questions by introducing intrinsic, embedded observers and provable unknowns; that is, observables and procedures which are certified (relative to the assumptions) to be unknowable or undoable. A (somewhat iconoclastic) review of quantum mechanics is presented which is inspired by quantum logic. Postulated quantum (un-)knowables are reviewed. More exotic unknowns originate in the assumption of classical continua, and in finite automata and generalized urn models, which mimic complementarity and yet maintain value definiteness. Traditional conceptions of free will, miracles and dualistic interfaces are based on gaps in an otherwise deterministic universe. 

Keywords

Physical indeterminism Randomness in physics Physical random number generators Physical chaos Self-reflexive knowledge Acausality in physics Irreducible randomness Open Access

Authors and affiliations

  • Karl Svozil
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70815-7
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-70814-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-70815-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-1222
  • Series Online ISSN 2365-6425
  • About this book