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Ethics without Self, Dharma without Atman

Western and Buddhist Philosophical Traditions in Dialogue

  • Gordon F. Davis
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About this book

Introduction

This volume of essays offers direct comparisons of historic Western and Buddhist perspectives on ethics and metaphysics, tracing parallels and contrasts all the way from Plato to the Stoics, Spinoza to Hume, and Schopenhauer through to contemporary ethicists such as Arne Naess, Charles Taylor and Derek Parfit. It compares and contrasts each Western philosopher with a particular strand in the Buddhist tradition, in some chapters represented by individual writers such as Nagarjuna, Vasubandhu, Santideva or Tsong Khapa. It does so in light of both analytic concerns and themes from the existentialist and phenomenological traditions, and often in an ecumenical spirit that bridges both analytic and continentalist approaches. 

Some of the deepest questions in ethics, dealing with the scope of agency, value-laden notions of personhood and the nature of value in general, are intertwined with questions in metaphysics. One set of questions addresses how varying conceptions of selfhood relate to moral values (e.g. the concern of self or selves for the well-being of others); another set of questions addresses how a conception of oneself or one’s selves should or should not affect how one thinks of happiness, or eudaimonia, or – in classical Indian terms – artha, sukha or nirvana.  Western philosophy has featured discussion of both, but some would argue that certain traditions of Asian philosophy have offered a more sustained and even treatment of both sets of questions.  The Buddhist tradition in particular has not only featured much discussion on both fronts, but has attracted many contemporary philosophers to its distinctive spectrum of approaches, and to what is – from many ‘Western’ points of view – a seemingly subversive analysis of ego, selfhood and personhood, whether in metaphysical, phenomenological or other incarnations.  

Keywords

Buddhist Philosophy and Moral Psychology Comparative History of Philosophy Comparative Philosophy of Mind Conventional vs. Ultimate Truth and Mahayana Ethics Cross-cultural Philosophy Happiness, Eudaimonia, Mindfulness, Nirvana History of Moral Psychology Kantian Ethics and Buddhism Moral Themes in Philosophy of Religion Nagarjuna and Ethics Religious Ethics and Analytic Ethics Schopenhauer and Buddhism Selfhood and Ethics Stoicism and Buddhism

Editors and affiliations

  • Gordon F. Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67407-0
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-67406-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-67407-0
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-1107
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-1115
  • Buy this book on publisher's site