The Abductive Structure of Scientific Creativity

An Essay on the Ecology of Cognition

  • Lorenzo Magnani

Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 37)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 1-30
  3. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 31-46
  4. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 65-88
  5. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 89-113
  6. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 135-159
  7. Lorenzo Magnani
    Pages 161-197
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 199-230

About this book

Introduction

This book employs a new eco-cognitive model of abduction to underline the distributed and embodied nature of scientific cognition. Its main focus is on the knowledge-enhancing virtues of abduction and on the productive role of scientific models.

What are the distinctive features that define the kind of knowledge produced by science? To provide an answer to this question, the book first addresses the ideas of Aristotle, who stressed the essential inferential and distributed role of external cognitive tools and epistemic mediators in abductive cognition. This is analyzed in depth from both a naturalized logic and an ecology of cognition perspective. It is shown how the maximization of cognition, and of abducibility – two typical goals of science – are related to a number of fundamental aspects: the optimization of the eco-cognitive situatedness; the maximization of changeability for both the input and the output of the inferences involved; a high degree of information-sensitiveness; and the need to record the “past life” of abductive inferential practices. Lastly, the book explains how some impoverished epistemological niches – the result of a growing epistemic irresponsibility associated with the commodification and commercialization of science – are now seriously jeopardizing the flourishing development of human creative abduction.

Keywords

Scientific Creativity Ecology of Cognition Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction Ignorance-Preserving Abduction Knowledge-Enhancing Abduction Abducibility Manipulative Abduction Cognitive and Epistemological Niches Embodiment and Distributed Cognition Optimization of Eco-Cognitive Openness Epistemic Mediators Naturalization of Logic Deductive Logic vs. Ampliative Reasoning Scientific Artifacts Scientific Models as Fictions Model-based Reasoning Plausibility and Relevance Coherence and Minimality Induction and Counterinduction Epistemic Responsibility and Epistemic Integrity

Authors and affiliations

  • Lorenzo Magnani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Humanities, Philosophy SectionUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59256-5
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-59255-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-59256-5
  • Series Print ISSN 2192-6255
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-6263
  • About this book